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Lesson 5 - Even More Weather


Gimiwan na? - Is it raining?
Gimiwan na megwaa? - Is it raining right now?
Gimiwan na mego? - Is it raining right now?
Miinange - Yes. Of course.
Ehe - Yeah. Uh huh.
Zoogipon na? - Is it snowing?
Gaawiin - No.
Gaawiin zaagaatesinoon - It is not sunny.
Gaawiin gisinaasinoon - It is not cold.
Gaawiin noongom onji-gimiwanzinoon - It didn't rain today.
Gaawiin noongom gii-gimiwanzinoon - It didn't rain today.
Gaawiin wii-zoogiponzinoon - It is not going to snow.
Aaniin ezhiwebag? - How is the weather?
Aaniin ezhiwebag aagojing? - How is the weather outside?
Aaniin gaa-ezhiwebag bijiinaago? - How was the weather yesterday?
Aaniin ge-ezhiwebag waabang? - How will the weather be tomorrow?
Gaawiin ningikendanziin - I don't know.
Amanji sa - I don't know.
Gii-zoogipon na bijiinago? - Did it snow yesterday?
Gii-booni-gimiwan bijiinago? - It stopped raining yesterday.
Da-booni-gimiwan wiiba - It will stop raining soon.
Wii-maajii-gimiwan waabang - It is going to start to rain tomorrow.
Gii-booni-noodin - The wind stopped.
Gii-maajii-noodin - The wind started.
Wii-zoogipon na? Aazha maajii-zoogipon. - Is it going to snow? It is starting to snow already.
Wii-maajibiisaa - It is going to start to rain tomorrow.
Gii-boonaanimad - The wind stopped.

New Words:

na - question marker
ehe - yeah
aaniin - here: how
ezhiwebag - happen (about natural events)
aagojing - outside
ningikendanziin - i don't know [it]
amanji sa - i don't know;
booni- stop
maajii- start
biisaa - rain, misty rain
aanimad - strong wind blows
boonaanimad = booni- + aanimad


Yes/no questions are questions to which the answer may be 'yes' or 'no.' These questions are formed from statements by placing a question word na after the first word:
gimiwan (it is raining) - gimiwan na? (is it raining?)
gii-gimiwan bijiinaago (it rained yesterday) - gii-gimiwan na bijinaago? (did it rain yesterday?)

Wh-questions, or content questions (questions with question words 'who', 'what', 'when', 'where', 'why', 'how') are formed in a different way. Question words must be used there (in this case: aaniin, 'how').
In these questions verbs, gii-, wii-, and da- change their forms: gii- changes into gaa-, da- changes into ge-, and wii- changes into waa-.
More detailed information on these questions will be described later.

For denying the situation you have to place the word gaawiin ("no") before a verb, and add -sinoon or -zinoon at the end of a weather verb.
-sinoon is added to verbs, ending in a vowel, e.g.: zaagate - zaagaatesinoon.
-zinoon is added to verbs, ending in a consonant, e.g.: gimiwan - gimiwanzinoon.

Preverbs. There are such words in Ojibwe called 'preverbs', which could not be used separately. Instead of it they are combined with verbs, creating new words:
maajii- (start) + gimiwan (it is raining) = maajii-gimiwan (it starts to rain)
boonii- (stop) + zoogipon (it is snowing) = boonii-zoogipon (it stopped to snow)
boonii- (stop) + aanimad (it is strong wind) = boonaanimad (the wind stops)
There are lots of preverbs in Ojibwe.


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