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Ojebway Language:

A Manual for missionaries
and others employed among the Ojebway Indians
by Edward F. Wilson, 1874


English-Ojebway Dictionary



Oak; n.a. metígoomeezh, (pl. -ug). - (white); meshemeezh, (pl. -ig).

Oar; n.i. ahzháboyaun, (pl. -un).

Oats; same as rice, muhnóomin. O.-meal; see meal.

Oath; n.i. múshkuhwe-wahweendumahgawin. He takes o.; múshkuhwe-wahweendumáhga, (lit. he gives a strong repeated promise) or, od-ójindaun muhzenúhegun, (he kisses the book). We make an o. between us; ke-múshkuhwe-wahweendumáhdemin, mod. B. He gives him an o.; o-múshkuhwe-wahweéndumuhwaun.

Obedience; n.i. nuhétumoowin.

Obey. He o. (is obedient); nuhétum, v.n.5, (p.c. na-). He o. him, it; o-nuhétuhwaun, o-nuhétaun, v.t.II., VII.

Object; (an.) uhyáh, (pl. -g); (in.) uhyée, (pl. -n). In compos. -gun: (e.g., He gathers; máhwunjega. A gathered obj.; máhwunjegun. Any verb ending in -ga may thus be converted into a noun).

Object, v.n. Use the negative form of like.

Objection. My, thy, his obj.; wanjeminwándunséwaun, -sewun, -sig.

Oblige (help). He ob. him; o-meno-dóoduhwaun, v.t.II.

Obliged. See must, force.

Obliging. He is ob.; minwandáhgooze, v.n.3.

Obliterate. See blot out, destroy.

Oblong. It is ob.; sháhguhwah, v.i.1. - (metal, &c.); (in. an.) sháhguhwáhbekud, -keze, v.i.7. - (stuff, c.); (in. an.) sháhguhwahbéegud, -béegeze, v.i.7. - (wood); (in. an.) shahguhwegud, wegeze, v.i.7. He makes it ob.; o-sháhguhwuhtoon, v.t.VIII. He cuts it ob.; o-sháhguhwekóodaun, kóoduhwaun, v.t. VII., II. (p.c. shuhyah-).

Obscene. It is ob.; weenandáhgwud, v.t.10. (p.c. waun-). He tells an ob. story; weenáhjemo, v.n.4.

Obscure (intricate); súhnuhgud chenesídotuhming. See dark, puzzling.

Observatory; ahnúngoog wanje-guhnuhwáhbumindwah.

Observe (watch). He ob. him, it; o-nuhnahguhduhwáhbumaun, o-nuhnáhguhduhwáhbundaun, v.t.I., VII., (p.c. nanah-).

Observe (a commandment, &c). See keep.

Obstinate. He is ob.; mushkuhwindeba, v.n.2, (p.c. mash-).

Obstruct. He ob. a passage, door, &c.; kebishkáhga, v.n.2, (p.c. kab-). He ob. him, it; o-kebishkahwaun, o-kebishkaun, v.t.II., VII.

Obtain. See gain, procure. It is obtained from; oondenegáhda, v.i.9.

Obvious. See evident.

Occasion; kago óonje: e.g., he seeks occasion to abuse me; o-nunduhwándaun kago kaöonjemujjeduhzhemid.

Occasionally; nahningóodenoong.

Occupation; n.i. uhnookeewin, oondumetáhwin, (pl. -un).

Occupy (occupied). He o. him (keeps him busy); od-oondumeäun, v.t.I. (p.c. wand-). He is o. (about him, it); o-duhzhékuhwaun, o-duhzhekaun, v.t. II., VII. (p.c. anduhzh-). We are o. (with each other); keduhzhékoodáhdemin, mod. B. He is o. (in such a place); duhzhetah, v.n.1, (p.c. anduhzh-). He is o. (about s.-th.); uhpéchetah, v.n. 1., see busy. His mind is occupied; oondumándum, v.n.5.

Occur. See happen.

Ocean; n.i. shewetáhgune-kéchegummee.

O'clock. See time, one, two, &c.

October; n.a. penáhque keezis (the moon of the falling leaves).

Odd. See curious.

Odious. See hateful.

Odour. See smell, perfume.

Of (belonging to); duhzhe, (as a man of Cana; Cana duhzhe enéne). The genitive case expressed by the use of o-, od- (his, 's), as, The man's canoe; owh enene o-cheemaun.

Of (concerning). See concerning.

Of course; ahnéengwuhnuh, góoshah. See least.

Off (from); oonje. It is off (not on); ekoonegáhda. See remove.

Offend. He o. him; o-pechenahwáaun, v.t.I. (p.c. pache-). - with words; o-nishkemaun, v.t.I. (p.c. nash-). He is offended; enewáze, v.n.3, (p.c. an-).

Offensive. He, it, is o.; sheengandáhgooze, -gwud, v.i.10, (p.c. shaung-).

Offer. He offers (gives up); puhgedénega, v.n.2. He o. him, it; o-púhgedenaun, v.t.I., VII. (p.c. page-). See present, propose.

Offering; n.i. puhgedenegáwin.

Offertory; n.i. ahpuggejegáwin.

Office; see occupation. That is his office; me suh ezheënáhkoonind.

Office (place of business); ozhebéëgawegummig, (pl. -oon).

Officer (military); n.a. shemáhgunishe-ögemah, (pl. -g). See constable.

Officious. He is too o.; wáhweyuggesíshke, mod. a.

Offspring. See young.

Often; nahningim. See frequently.

Oftentimes (from time to time); uhyáhpe.

Oh! Yo! (prolonged).

Oh! Oh dear! Alas! Males say, áh-tuhyáh! Teewá! Females say, Neeyáh! Ningá! Ningó! (last syllable prolonged).

Oil; n.i. pemedá. Sweet oil; métego-pemeda.

Ointment; n.i. nóomenegun.

Old; kata-. Old (past use, former), expressed by -bun as affix; see past. O. person; kakaud, (pl. -jig). Old man; uhkewáse, (pl. -yug). O. woman; mindemóya, (pl. -yug). O. age; kétezewin. Very old age; kekáhwin. Old thing; kata-uhyëe, (pl. -n).

Old. He is o.; keteze, keche-uhnishenahbáwe, v.n.3, (p.c. kat-, kach-). He is very o.; kekah, v.n.1, (p.c. kak-). He is getting o. fast; genebegekah, genébenéneka, v.n.1, 2. It is old; (an. ín.) keche-uhyuhah, kata-uhyeëe.

Old (age). How old is he? ahneen apeétezid? (- you? zeyun?) How old is he? (years); ahneen andusso pebóonuhgezid? :- (months) ahneen andusso kéeziswuhgëzid? - (days); ahneen andussogóonuhgezid? He is ten years o.; medáuso pebóonuhgeze. - eight months; ishwáuso kéezis uhgeze. - four days; néeögóon uhgeze, v.n.3.

Older, (or oldest); suhsékeze, v.n.3. See brother, sister, first-born.

Old Testament; kata-ëzhetwáhwin, kata wahweenduhmahgawin.

Omen; n.i. oonwáuchegun.

Ominous. See unlucky, dream.

Omission; n. i. wuhnánjegun.

Omit. He o. him, it; o-wuhnánemaun, o-wuhnándaun, v.t.I., VII. He o. it (passes it over by mistake); od-aunswakaun, v.t.VII.

Omnipotent. He is o.; máhmuhwemushkúhweze, v.n.3, (p.c. muhyah-).

Omnipresent. He is o.; mésewa uhyáh.

Omniscient; mese kago o-kekándaun.

On; emah, ogij., ogijúhyeëe.

On account of; oonje.

Once; áhbeding. O. more; menuhwah ahbedihg. O., and o. only; páhkuj-. O. upon a time; máwezhuh, (with the dubitative).

One; páshig. In compos. níngo-: (e.g., handful, barrel, canoe, &c, which see). O. by o.; papázhig. O. of the two; pazhig néezhewaud. I am o. (alone); ninpázhig. He is o.; pázhigó, v.n.4. It is o.; pazhigwun, v.i.6. It is one o'clock; ningo-tebúhëguna, v.i.2. O. another; see each.

One mind. He is of one mind with him; o-weejedaämaun, v.t.I., (p.c. wauj-).

Onion; n.a. kéche-shegáuguhwunzh, (pl. -ig).

Only; atuh. O. child ; pázhigoonzháun. O. one; nuhbuhná-, see arm. foot, &c. O. now; see now only. O. just; náhnahbam, see too late.

Onward; néegaun enuhkukáyah.

Ooze out. See leak.

Open. He o. it; o-pahkáhkoonaun, o-nesahkoonaun, o-pahkahkooshkaun, v.t.VII. (p.c. puhyahk-, nas-). He o. it to him; o-pahkáhkoonuhmuhwaun, v.t.II. He o. a book or paper; o-páhkegenaun muhzenuhegun; He o. his mouth; páhkedoonáne, v.n.3. He o. his m. to him (e.g. to speak); o-páhkedoonátuhwaun, v.t.II. He o. his hand flat; táseninjene, v.n.3. He o. a barrel; o-pahkesuhguhaun muhkuk. He o. it (lifting); o-páhkenaun. v.t.VII. He o. it with a key; od-uhbáubekuhaun, v.t.VII. He o. it to him; od-uhbaubekuhmuhwaun, mod. C.

Opened, open. It is o.; páhkáhkoonegáhda, páhkesin, v.i.9, 5. The earth o.; egahdákummegishkah. v.i.1. The water o.; egahdáyahgummishkah. v.i.1.

Opening. There is an o.; zhayáhkoosin. v.i.5. He makes an o.; o-zhayáhkoosetoon, v.t.VIII. (p.c. zhuhyayah-).

Openly; méezheshuh.

Operate. It o. well (medicine); me-nooshkahgámuhgud, v.i.8.

Operation. See action.

Opiate; n.i. nebáwahbo.

Opinion; n.i. enándumoowin. It is his o.; enándum, or me anándung.

Opium. Same as opiate.

Opponent; p.n.a. shaungánjégad, (pl. -jig). My o.; shaungánemid, (pl. -jig). See hate.

Opportunity. See occasion.

Oppose. He o. it; o-megáhdaun, v.t.VII.

Opposite (via-a-vis); tebishko, He arrives o. to it; o-tebishkokaun.

Oppress. See treat ill, enslave.

Or; kamah. See either.

Oracle. See augury.

Oration; n.i. keche-kéekedowin.

Orator; p.n.a. nátah-kéekedood, (pl. -jig). He is an o.; netáh-kéekedo, v.n.4.

Orchard; méenewe-métigookaun.

Ordain. He o. him; o-makuhdáwekoonuhyáweáun, v.t.I.

Order. Good order; suhgúhkumésewin. He keeps things in order; suhgúkenega, v.n.2. He puts it in o.; o-suhgúkesedoon, v.t.VIII. It is in order; suhgúkesin, v.i.5.

Order (give an order). He o.; enáhkoonega, v.n.2, (p.c. an-).

Order (send for); o-mejedwan, v.t.VI.

Orderly (in good order); suhgukuj.

Ordination; n.i. makuhdáwekoonuhyáweëwáwin.

Organ. See instrument of music.

Origin; n.i. oondáhdezewin.

Originate. It o. from; oondáhdud, v.i.7, (an. -deze).

Ornament; n.i. suhságauchegun, (pl. -un). See Indian ornaments.

Ornament. He o. s.-th.; suhságauchega, v.n.2. He o. him, it; o-suhsagahaun, o-suhsagahdoon, v.t.I., VIII. (p.c. sasa-).

Outcast; p.n.a. wuhyábenegáusood, (pl. -jig).

Outgrow. He o. him, it; od-uhnewégemaun, od-uhnewégindaun, v.t.I., VII.

Outlaw; p.n.a. gáhmid, (pl. -jig).

Outlive. See survive.

Outrun. He o. him; od-anemishkuhwaun, v.t.II. (p.c. uhyan-).

Outside; uhgwuhjíng.

Outwardly; uhgwuhjúhyeëe.

Oven; n.i. buhquázhegúnekaun, keboojeezegun.

Over; pauzheje, see jump over, &c. It is all o.; ishquáhkumegud, v.i.7.

Overboard. He, it falls o.; gedóonuhgesa, v.n.2, v.i.2. He throws him, it o.; o-gedóonuhgesáäun, -sátoon, v.t.I., VIII.

Overcast. The sky is o.; ningwúkwud.

Overcoat; n.i. petáhwuhzhaun, (pl. -un), kechepesekuhwahgun, (pl. -un).

Overcome (conquer). He o.; mahmáunzhetwah, shahgóojeëwa, v.n.1, 2, (p.c. mam-, shuhyaug-). He o. him, it; o-mahmaunzheäun, o-mahmaunzhetoon v.t.I., VIII., o-shahgoojéäun, o-shahgoojétoon, v.t.I., VIII. It is o.; shahgoojegahda, v.i.2. See surpass.

Overflow. It o. (runs over); segesámuhgud, v.i.8, (p.c. saug-). The river o.; puhzhedájewun seebe, v.i.6. He makes it o.; o-puhzhedábuhdoon, v.t.VIII. (p.c. pazh-). See boil over, flood.

Overhear. He o. him (purposely); o-kemóosetuhwaun, v.t.II. (p.c. kám-).

Overjoyed. He is o.; osaumánemo, osaummoojegese, v.n.4, 3.

Overseer; p.n.a. nahgáunezid, (pl. -jig).

Overshadow. He o. him. it; od-uhguhwáhtáshkuhwaun, -tashkaun, v.t.II, VIII.

Oversleep. He o.; ozaumingwum, v.n.5,

Overstrain. He o. himself; sinje, v.n.3a. He o. him; o-sinjeäun, v.t.I, (p.c. saunj-).

Overtake. He o. him, it; od-uhdemaun, od-uhdindaun, v.t.I., VII. (p.c. ade-).

Overthrow. See destroy, throw down.

Overturn. See turn over.

Overwhelm. It o. him; o-megooshkáhjeëgoon v.t.I., inan. obj.

Owe. He o.; muhzenúhega, v.n.2. He o. him; o-muhzenúhumuhwaun, v.t.II., (p.c. maz-). See debt.

Owl; n.a. kookookuhoo, (pl. -g). Own. He o. him, it; o-tebánemaun, o-tebándaun, v.t.I, VII. (p.c. tab-);

Own. My, thy, his o.; expressed by the use of -m, affix. See my, thy, his; see also peculiar.

Own. See confess.

Owner; p.n.a. dabándung, (pl. -ig).

Ox; pezhéke, (pl. -wug). Ox driver; wadáhbeäud pezhékewun.

Ox fly; n.a. mesesúg, (pl -wug).

Ox hide; n.i. pezhekewágin, (pl. -oon).

Oyster; n.a. áys, (pl. -ug).

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