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Ojebway Language:

A Manual for missionaries
and others employed among the Ojebway Indians
by Edward F. Wilson, 1874

 

English-Ojebway Dictionary

 

N

Nail (or iron spike); suhguhegun, (pl. -un). Small n. or tack; suhgúhegauns (pl. -un).

Nail. He n.; suhsuhgáhquuhega, v.n. 2, (p. c. sas-). He n. him; it; o-suhsuhgáhquahwaun, o-suhsuhgahquuhaun v. t. V., VII. He, it is nailed; suhsuhgáhquuhegáuso, -gáhda, v. i. 9.

Nail (on finger or toe); same as hoof, ooshkunzhemah. My, thy n.; niskunzh, keskunzh, (pl. -ig). His n.; oshkunzheen. He has long n.; guhgaunoogunzhe, v. n. 3a. He bruises his n.; tuhtuhgoogunzheödezo, mod. A. He loses a n.; buhnáhgunzhíshkah, v. n. 1. White spot on a n.; minduhwágunzhaun. He has wh. spots on his n.; minduhwágunzhe, v. n. 3a.

Naked. He is n.; pingwuhsháhgede, v. n. 3, (p. c. pang-). He lies n.; pingwuhsháhgedooshin, v. n. 6. He sits n.; pingwuhshahgeduhbe, v. n. 3. He walks n.; pingwuhsháhgedóösa, v. n. 2. He strips him n.; o-pingwuhsháhgedóbenaun, v. t. I.
NOTE. - This may also mean destitute.

Nakedness; n. i. pingwuhsháhgedewin.

Name; n. i. ezhenekáusoowin, uhnósoowin, (pl. -un).

Named (called). He is n. -; ezhenekáuso, v. n. 4, (p. c. azhen-). What is your, his name? ahneen ezhenekáusooyun, -káusood? In compos. nekáuso: e.g., He has many n.; pahtuhenonekauso. He has an ugly n.; maunzhenekáuso). He has the same n. with him; o-weej-ezhenekaúsoomaun, v. t. I., (p. c. wauj-). It is named; ezhenekahda, v. i. 2, (p. c. azhe-)

Name (call). He n. him, it; od-ezhenekáhnaun, od-ezhenekáhdaun, v. t. III., VII.

Name (mention). He n. him, it; o-wéenaun, o-wéendaun, v. i. III., VII., (p. c. wah-). He n. him often; o-wahwéenaun, mod. E. He can n. him ; o-kúshkewéenaun, v. t. III. He, it is often named (mentioned); wuhwéenjegáuso, -gahda, v. i. 9, (p. c. wuhy-).

Namely; (in.) me oó-oo. - (an.); me máhbah.

Namesake; n. a. uhnosoowahgun. My, thy, his n.; ninduhnosoowahgun; ke-duhnosoowahgun; o-duhnosoowahgunun.

Nap. He takes a n.; zhebaungwushe, v. n. 3.

Narrate. He n. a story; tebáhjemo, v. n. 4, (p. c. tab-). - a decent story; peenahjemo. - (indecent); weenahjemo.

Narrow. It is n.; uhgáhsuhdayáh, v. i. 1. - (cotton, linen, &c.); uhgahségud, v. i. 7, uhgahsuhdayegud. - (metal, &c.); uhgáhsuhdayáhbekud, (keze) v. i. 7. - (ribbon, silk, a board); uhgáhsuhdáse, v. n, 3. He makes it narrow or narrower; od-uhgáhsuhdaäun, od-uhgahsuhdatoon, v. t. I., VIII. (p. c. agah-). See road.

Narrow-minded. He is n.; uhgáhsedaä, v. n. 2, (p. c. agah-).

Nasty. See disagreeable.

Nation. All n.; kuhkenuh azhewéenzoojig ahnishenáhbag. Foreign n.; mayúg-uhnishenáhbag. See people.

Native; n. a. uhnishenáhba, (pl. -g).

Natural. It is n. to him (he has it in him); od-owéeyuhwenóodaun, v. t. VII., (p. c. waw-), onuhguhjeuhyahwegun. See spontaneous.

Nature; n. i. enahdezewin. Our n. (as human beings); kidenáhdezewenenaun. See manners.

Naughty. He is n.; mujje-ëzhewábeze, v. n. 3. - (will not listen or obey); shuhshébetum, v. n. 5, (p. c. sha-).

Nausea. He has n.; maunzhedaä, v. n. 2.

Navel. My, thy, his n.; nindis, kedis, odís.

Navigable. It is n.; pemishkáhwenuhgud, v. i. 7, (p. c. pam-).

Navigation; n. i. pahbahmáushewin. - (not sailing); pahbahmishkáhwin.

Near; pásho. It is near; páshowud. It is considered n.; pashowandáhgwud, v. i. 7.

Near (close to); chig-, chigúhyeëe: e.g., Near the fire; chig-ishkoota.

Nearly; kagah.

Near together; papásho.

Neat. It is n.; suhgúhkesin, v. i. 5.

Necessary. It is n. that he -; nunduhwandáhgooze che-. It is n. that it -; nunduhwandahgwud che-. These may be made more emphatic by prefixing pooch-. See must.

Necessity; n. i. muhnázewin.

Neck, n. i. My, thy, his n.; ne-, ke-, o-quágun. In compos., -gwáyahwa: e.g., He has a long n.; genogwáyahwa. He has a stiff n.; chebáhtuhkoogwáyahwa, v. n. 2.

Necklace; n. i. náhbekuhwáhgun, (pl. -un).

Need. See necessity, want.

Needle; n. i. sháuboonegun, (pl. -un).

Needlework; n. i. kushkegwáusoowin.

Negative; expressed in the indic. mood by prefixing kahween- and affixing -se, as, I do not go; kahween nindezháhse. In the subj. mood and the part. by using -se alone: e.g., If I don't go; kishpin ezháhsewaun. I who go not; neen azháhsewaun. See Grammar.

Neglect; use neg. of care for.

Neglected. He is n.; kahween pahbáhmanjegáuzose, v. n. 4, neg. It is n.; kahween pahbahmánjegahdásenoon, v. i. 2, neg.

Negligent. See careless.

Negligently; máhmaunzh, tábenuk.

Negress; n. a. muhkuhdáweyáuseqa, (pl. -g).

Negro; n. a. muhkuhdáwéyaus, (pl. -ug).

Neigh. He n.; muhzetáhgooze, v. n.3.

Neighbour, n. a. My n.; néej-uhnishenáhba, (thy, his; keej-, weej-), (pl. -g).; néejduhnuhkéewamáhgun, (thy, his; keej-, weej-), (pl. -ug). We are neighbours (in a village); ke-pemegáëdemín, mod. B. See live.

Neither of them; kahween uhweeyah anduchewaud.

Neither - nor; kahween - kahween kuhya.

Neophyte; p. n. a. wáshke-uhnúhmeäud, (pl. -jig).

Nephew, n. a. My, thy n.; nind-ozhemis, kid-ozhemis, (pl. -ug).

Nerve; n. i. uhtís, (pl. -in).

Nervous. He is n.; megooshkáhje-uhyáh, v. n. 1.

Nest; n. i. wuhsíswun, (pl. -un). He builds his n.; wuhsíswuneka, v. n. 2.

Net; n. a. uhsúb, (pl. -ig). Small n.; uhsuhbíns, (pl. -ug). Old n.; uhsúhbish, (pl. -ug). He makes nets; uhsúhbeka, v. n. 2, (p. c. as-). He gets his n. ready; onéenuhsúhbe, v. n. 3a. He fixes stones and floats to his n.; o-suhsuhsáhgebenaun uhsúb, v. t. III. (p. c. sas-). He sets a n.; puhgéduhwah, v. n. 1. He goes to (or fetches) his n.; náhduhsúhbe, v. n. 3a. He takes up his n.; muhmenuhsúhbe, v. n. 3a. The net breaks; pookoochishkah, v. n. 1. He mends his n.; puhgwáhuhsúhbe, v. n. 3a, or, o-puhgwáhwaun uhsúb, v. t. V. Net pole (for drying nets); páusuhsáhbunauk, (pl. -oon). See catch.

Netting needle; n. i. nahbegwuháhgun, (pl. -un).

Nettle; n. a. mahzáun, (pl. -ug). N. stalk; mahzáunushk, (pl. -oon).

Neuralgia. He has n.; dawuhtísse, v. n. 3.

Never; kah weekah (with the neg.).

Nevertheless. See notwithstanding.

New; ooshke. It is n.; ooshkéuhyah, ooshkéuhyéewun, v. i. 1, 6,(p. c. wash-). He, it looks new; óoshkénáhgooze, -náhgwud, v. i. 10. New thing; ooshkée-uhyee, (pl. -n).

News. There is n.; kago enúhkummegud, v. i. 7, There is good n.; meno-enúhkummegud. Bad n.; mujje-enúhkummegud. There is terrible n.; kuhgwáhnesahgukummegud. There is great n.; keche-ënúhkummegud.

News (brought to a place); n. i. pedáhjemoowin. He brings n.; pedáhjemó, v. n. 4. He sends n.; máhjeyaujemóëwa, v. n. 2. He brings good n.; peminwáhjemo. v. n. 4. See good tidings.

Newspaper; n. i. tebáhjemo-muhzenúhegun, (pl. -un).

New Testament; ooshke ezhetwáhwin, ooahke wahweenduhmahgawin.

New Year's Day; uhnúhmekoodáhding, (day of mutual greeting).

Next. The n.; (an. in.) owh uhyahnekashkáhgad, (pl. -jig), ewh ahyáhnekasing, (pl. -in), see follow. N. week; ka-ïshquah uhnuhmeäkézheguk. N. year; páhmah ménuhwah pebóong. N. Sunday; uhpé uhnuhmeäkézheguk ménuhwah, (and so other days). After n. -; uhwús wáde. The Sunday after n.; uhwús wáde uhnuhmeäkézhegud.

Nice. It is n.; onesheshin, v. i. 5, (p. c. wan-). It tastes n.; menopóogwud, v. i. 7.

Nicely; wawane.

Nickname. He has a n.; uhnesháh ezhenekáuso. See name.

Niece. My, thy, n.; néshemis, késhemis, (pl. -ug).

Night; n. i. tébik, tébekud, (pl. -oon). N.-time; nebáh-tebik. It is n.; tébekud, v. i. 7, (p. c. tab-). It is towards n.; uhne-tebekud. Last n.; tébekoong. By n. tébekuk. N. by n.; tábekukin. Every n.; andusso tébekuk. All n.; kuhbá-tebik. It is the beginning of the n.; oóshke-tébekud. v. i. 7. It is late in the n.; ishpe-tebekud. It is mid-n.; áhbettuh-tébekud. It is a fine n.; mezháhquunetébekud. Cold n.; kesíntebekud. Dark n.; kushke-tébekud, v. i. 7; He is absent for the n.; nekaunánde, v. n. 3. He remains over n.; nekaunuhbe, v. n. 3. He spends the n. in - ; kuhbátebequá, v. n. 2. He survives the n.; wáhbahso, v. n. 4. He roves at n.; nebáushkah, v. n. 1.

Nightingale; n. a. kuskusgunáje, (pl. -yag).

Nightmare. He has n.; buhdúgoonah. I, thou hast n.; nin-buhdúgoonig, ke-buhdúgoonig, (irreg. verb).

Nimble. He is n.; wuhjápe, v. n. 3a., (p. c. waj-).

Nine; sháunguswe. In compos. sháungusso; (e.g., handfuls, barrels, &c., which see). N. times, or the n. time; sháunguching. Ninth, or ninthly; ako-sháunguching. N. each, or n. every time; shasháunguching. We are n.; ke-sháunguchemin, mod. B. There are n. things; sháunguchenoon, v. i. 5 pl. It is n. o'clock; sháunguhso tebúheguna.

Nine hundred; sháunguswauk.

Nine thousand; sháunguching medáuswauk.

Nineteen; medáuswe 'zhe sháunguswe.

Nineteenth; ako 'zhe sháunguching.

Ninety; sháungussemeduhnuh. See forty.

Nintieth. See forty.

Nit (egg of a louse); iskenuk, (pl. -wug). He has n.: iskenúkoome.

No; kah, kahween. No, not by any means, kahwásuh. No, that won't do; kahwásuh méekah. No more; kahween kayahbe. No one; kahween uhwéyuh. No reason (for); uhnesháh. No effect; see effect.

Noble. He is n.; kechetwáhweze, keche-enandahgoze, v. n. 3.

Nobleman; p. n. a. kachetwahwezid, kache enandahgozid, (pl. -jig).

Nobody; kahween uhwéyuh.

Nod. He n. (whether to affirm, approve or salute); noomequáne, v. n. 3, (p. c. nwah-). He n. to him; o-noomequátuhwaun, v. t. II.

Noise; oombegézewin. See sound. He makes a n.; oombegeze, v. n. 3, (p. c. wamb-). He makes a foolish n.; kewuhneze, v. n. 3. He makes him make a n.; od-oómbegeäun, v. t. I. It makes a n.; oombegwamuhgud. It makes a horrid n.; gootáumegwawámuhgud, v. i. 8. A n. comes from; oondwáwámuhgud. He makes a rude n. at him; o-muhwenáwaun, v. t. V. He plays noisily; oombáhkummegeze, v. n. 3, (p. c. wamb-).

Noised. See rumoured.

Noisily (excitedly); oojáhneme-.

None; kah kago. None at all; kah kúhnuhga kago.

Nonsense. It is n.; uhnesháh goo, koopussetáhgwud. He talks n.; koopussetáhgooze, v. n. 3.

Noon; náhwuhqua. Always at n.; nuhyáhwuhquágin.

Noose; n. i. nuhgwahgun.

Nor. See neither.

North; kewádin. At, to, or from the n.; kewádenoong. The clouds come from the n.; kewádenuhquud, v. i. 7. The rain c. from the n.; kewádenobesah, v. i. 1. It thunders in the. n.; kewádenuhquúhuhmoog (uhnémekeeg).

North wind; kewádin. The n. w. blows; kewade.

Northerly; kewádine.

Northward; kewádenoong enúhkukáyah.

Nose; n. i. ojaúnznemah. My, thy, his n.; nejaunzh, kejauzh, o-jaunzh. He has a flat n.; nuhbúggejáhna, v. n. 2. He has a knob on his n.; pekoojahna. His n. is turned up; shahshahgejahna. His n. is stopped up; kebejahna.
NOTE. - For large, long, swollen, &c, see arm, face, and substitute -jahna, for -neka, ingwa, thus: mungejatina, genojahna, pahgejahna.
He blows his nose; senískegooma, v. n. 2, (p. c. san-). He bites off his n.; o-kíshkejahnápwaun, v. t. V.

Nosegay; wahwahsekonayun akobedagin.

Nose-ring; n. i. náhbedanegomábesoon, (pl. -un).

Nostrils. My n.; nindanegoom; He has large n.; mungedánegooma, v. n. 2, (p. c. mange-).

Not; kah, kahween. See negative.

Not any. See nobody, none.

Not at all; kah kuhnuhga.

Not in the least; kah bahpísh.

Not now, not even now; mahjeékummig.

Not yet; kah mushe.

Not enough. See deficient.

Notch. He n. it; (in. an.) o-puhgwuhnóoshkaun, -kuhwaun, v. t. VII., II.

Notched. It is n.; puhgwunoóshkah, v. i. 1.

Note. Same as letter.

Noted. See renowned.

Nothing; kah kago. Good for n.; see worthless. For n. (no reason); uhnesháh. Bring to n. (He, it, is brought to n.; aungoochegáuso, -gáhda, v. i. 9; see destroy. It comes to n.; aungoomuhgud, v. i. 8.

Notice. He n. him, it; o-pahpahmánemaun, o-pahpahmándaun, v. t. I., VII. (p. c. pap-). He n. him, it, in passing; o-pahpezháhganemaun, -gandaun.

Notwithstanding; menoóch, músuhwah. - (at any rate); pooch. - (unwilling though I am); ketwán.

Nourish. See feed, bring up.

November; kushkúdene-keézis, (the freezing moon).

Now; nóongoom. Now-a-days; nóongoom. Now and then; náhningóodenoong. Now only (not before); pechéenug.

Nowhere; kahween ningooje-

Number. See count, few, many.

Numb. See benumbed.

Nurse (for the sick); gáhtenewáqua, (pl. -g). - (for children); ganewánemaud uhbenoojéyun. See suck.

Nut (hazel); n. a. puhgaun, (pl. -ug).

Nut tree; puhgáunukomeezh, (pl. -in).

Nutmeg; keche gahwesuhgung.

Nutshell; puhgaun okoonausewid.

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