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Ojebway Language:

A Manual for missionaries
and others employed among the Ojebway Indians
by Edward F. Wilson, 1874


English-Ojebway Dictionary



Dagger; n. i., ahzháhwashkoons, (pl. -un); atuhwekoomaun, (pl -un).

Daily; ándusso-kézheguk.

Dainty. He is d. (about food); mahmenáhjebo, v. n. 4, (p. c. mame-); nookewa, v. n. 2.

Dairy; n. i. toodoosháhbo-wegúmmig.

Dam; n. i. o-quáunim, (pl -in). See stop up beaver d. He destroys a dam in order to catch a beaver; benúhega, v. n. 2.

Damage (loss of property); buhnáujetáhsoowin. He suffers d.; buhnáujetáhso, v. n. 4, (p. c. ban-). He causes d.; buhnáhjeewa, v. n. 2. He causes d. to people; buhnahjetahga, v. n. 2. See injure, spoil, defile.

Damnation; n. i. nahneboondewin.

Damp. He, it, is damp; nesáhbuhwa, nesáhbuhwámuhgud, v. n. 2, v. i. 8, (p. c. nas-). It is a little d.; uhwesáh. See moist.

Dance. He d.; neme, v. n. 3, (p. c. nahm-). We d. together; ke-neméëmin, mod. B. He gives a d.; neméëwa, v. n. 2. He makes him d.; o-némeäun, v. t. I. He d. before him; o-nemetuhwaun, v. t. II. He d. too much; nemishke, mod. a. He d. with her; o-wéejeshemótuhwaun, v. t. II. (p. c. wauj-). He d. round s. thing; kéwetahshemo, v. n. 4, (p. c. kahwe-). He performs the scalp-dance; guhmáuje, v. n. 3, (p. c. gam-). He approaches him in the sc.-d. to receive a present; o-guhmáujenóduhwaun, v. t. II.

Dance; n. i. neméëdewin. Scalp-dance; guhmáujewin.

Dancer; p. n. a. nahmid, (pl. -jig).

Dancing-house; n. i. neméëdewegummig.

Dandy; p. n. a. saságaud, (pl. -jig).

Danger; n. i. nahnesáhnezewin.

Danger. He is in d.; nahnesáhneze, v. n. 3, (p. c. nane-). He places him, it, in d.; o-nahnesáhneäun, o-nahnesáhnetoon, v. t.I., VIII. He places himself in d.; nahnesáhneëdezo, mod. A. He is in d. of perishing; bahzhená, v. n. 2, (p. c. 2, (p. c. bazh-).

Dangerous. It is d.; (in. an.) nahnesáhnud, nahnesáhneze, v. i. 7, v. n. 3. He, it, is considered d.; nahnesáhnandáhgooze, nahnesáhnandáhgwud, v. i. 10. He, it, looks d.; nahnesáhnenáhgooze, -náhgwud, v. i. 10. He considers him, it, d.; o-nahnesáhnánemaun, o-nahnesáhnándaun, v. t. I., VII. His speaking is d.; nahnesáhnetáhgooze.

Dangerously; nahnesáhne-.

Dare. See venture.

Dare not. See afraid.

Dare say. I d.; maúngeshuh.

Daring. See bold.

Dark. It is d.; puzhuhgíshkah, v. i. 1, (p. c. pazh-); kúshketébekud, v. i. 7, (p. c. kash-). It is a d. night; puzhuhgíshkébekud, v. i. 7.

Dark-coloured; muhkuhdá.

Darkness; n. i. puzhuhgíshkenumoowin.

Darn. He d. it; obuhgooäun, v. t. VII.

Dart; n. i. shemáhgun, (pl. -un).

Date, (the time when); ewh. uhpé: (e.g. that is the date when it happened; ewh uhpé kepuhgúmme-uhyáhmuhgud)

Daughter; n. a. odahnesemah. My, thy, his d.; Nin- ke- dáhnis, (pl. -ug); o-dáhnesun. His adult d.; o-dáhnun. He has a d.; odáhnese, v. n. 3, (p. c. wad-). He has her for his d.; od-odáhnesemaun, v. t. I. She is had by him for his d., (i.e. she is his daughter); od-odáhnesemegoon, (pass. of above).

Daughter-in-law. My, thy, his d.-in-l.; n. a. nesim, kesim, (pl. -ig); o-semin.

Dawn. It is d.; pedáhbun, v. i. 6, (p. c. pah-).

Day; n. i. kézhegud, (pl. oon). So many days; dussogoon. Two, three d., &c.; néezhogoon, nésogoon: or, neezhokéezhig, nesokéezhig. How many days? Ahneen dusso goon? It is two days; néezhokeezhegud, v. i. 7. Day by day; ándusso-kézhegud. All day; kuhbá-kéezhik.

Daylight. It is daylight; wáhbun, v. i. 6, (p. e. wuhyah). Before d.; chébwah wáhbung. It is broad daylight; puhgukáhbun, v. i. 6.

Day of Judgment; tebáhkoonega-kézhegud.

Day of Resurrection; ahbejeebáhwene-kézhegud.

Days absent. See absent.

Days old. See old.

Dazzled. He is d.; puhzhuhgíshkenuhmo, v. n. 4, (p. c. pazh-). He is d. by it; sáhsuhbezo, v. n. 4.

Dead. He is d.; nebó, ke-nebo v. n. 4, (p. c. nab-). Ishquah-bemáhdeze, v. n. 3, (p. c. ashqu-). It is d.; nebómuhgud. See withered.

Dead person; n. a. cheebuy, (pl. -ug); kah-nebood, (pl. -jig).

Dead smell; n. i. nebáhsomáhgoozewin.

Deaf. He is d.; guhgebeshá, v. n. 2, (p. c. gage-). He pretends to be d.; guhgebeshákaúso, mod. B.

Deafness; n. i. guhgebesháwin. Deaf person; p. n. a. gágebeshád, (pl. -jig).

Dean; expressed as archdeacon.

Dear. My d. friend; suhyáhgeënaun nekáhnis (lit. thou whom I love). See verb to love.

Dear, expensive. It is d.; (in. an.) súhnuhgud, súhnuhgeze, v. i. 7. He is d., hard to deal with; súhnuhgeze, v. n. 3, (p. c. sanuh-).

Death; n. i. nébowin. Sudden d.; chásekah-nébowin. D. from hunger; guh- wuhnáundumoowin.

Death-whoop; pepaúgotumoowin. He raises the d. wh. indicating the number of enemies killed; pepaúgotam, v. n. 5.

Debate. See dispute, speech, win.

Debt; n. i. muhzenúhegawin. He contracts debts; muhzenúhega, v. n. 2. He is in d. to him; o-muhzenuhumuhwaun. He collects his d. (what is owing him); nundoóshkumahga, v. n. 2, (p. c. nand-). He tries to collect his d.; nundooshkaúso, v. n. 4. He asks him to pay his d.; o-nundooshkumuhwaun; v. t. II. See pay.

Debtor; p. n. a. mazenúhegad, (pl. -jig).

Decamp, move off. He d.; gooze, v. n. 3, (p. c. gwa-). See move off.

Decant, (pour off clear). He d. it; osekobégenaun, v. t. VII., (p. c. sauk-).

Decay, perish. It d.; buhnáhdud, v.i.7.

Deceased; -bun: e.g. my d. father; noosebun. See grammar.

Deceit; n. i. wuhyázhingáwin.

Deceive. He d.; wuhyazhinga: see cheat. He d. with his words; wuhzayhetáhgooze [wuhyazhetáhgooze?], v. n. 3, (p. c. waya-). He is an apt deceiver; netah-wuhyazhinga. He d. himself; wuhyázhindezo, mod. A. His, its, looks d.; uhguhwenáhgooze, -nahgwud, v. i. 10, (p. c. aguh-).

December; n. a. múhnedoo-kéezisoons, (little spirit moon).

Decency. Decent behaviour; n. i. peenáhdezewin. See chaste.

Decent story; n. i. penáujemoowin.

Decide. See resolve.

Declare. See proclaim, explain, state.

Decline. See refuse.

Decline. The sun is declining; kewayuhsum keezis. The winter is d.; kewápeboon. The summer is d.; keewánéebin.

Decompose. See decay.

Decorate. See ornament.

Decrease. See diminish.

Decree. He makes a d.; enáhkoonega, v. n. 2, (p. c. anahk-).

Decree; n. i. enahkoonegáwin.

Decrepid. See bend with age.

Dedicate. See consecrate.

Deduct. See subtract.

Deed (document); n. i. dabwáwene-muhzenúhegun, (pl. -un). See action.

Deep. It is d. (water); temé, v. i. 3, (p-c. tah-). It is deep (a dish, &c.); poosekah, v. i. 1, (p. c. pwah-). It is dug deep ; ishpáhnekáhda, v. i. 2. So deep in the ground; apetáhkummig: (e.g., dig so deep; me apetáhkummig wáhnekan). It is d., (hollow); wáhnuhmuhgud. See depth.

Deepen. He d. it; opóoseketoon, v. t. VIII. (p. c. pwahs-). It is deepened; póosekechegáhda, v. i. 9.

Deer; n. a. wahwaushkáshe, (pl. -wug). Young spotted d.; ketuhgáhkoons, (pl. -ug). D.-meat; wahwaushkáshewe-wéeyaus. D.-bone; wahwaushkáshe-wekún. D.-skin; wahwaushkáshewuhyáun. D.-tail; wahwaushkáshewuhnóo. D.-trail; omoonsoon, (pl. -in).

Defame. See slander.

Defeat. See overcome.

Defective. See imperfect.

Defend. He d. him; o-náhdumuhwaun, v. t. II. (p. c. nahyah-); o-guhnuhwánemaun, v. t. 1, (p. c. ganuh-). He d. himself (resists); nuhnáhkwe, v. n. 3a. (Speaks for himself); guhnoodumáhzo, mod. A.

Defender. Our d.; owh ganuhwánemenung.

Defer. See delay.

Deficient. He is d. (has not enough, cannot afford); noondáse, v. n. 3, (p. c. nwaun-). There is not enough; noondasa, v. i. 2.

Deficiently; noondaus.

Defile. He d. him, it; o-weeneäun, o-weeyáhgishkuhwaun, owéenetoon, o-weeyáhgishkaun, v. t. I., II., VIII., VII. (p. c. wah-): see corrupt, soil. He d. himself; wéeneëdezo, mod. A. He d. her; o-peeshigwáujeäun. He, it, is d.; weenandáhgooze, -dáhgwud, v. i. 10.

Defiled. His heart is defiled; wenedaä, v. n. 2.

Defilement; n. i. wéenezewin.

Deformed. See crooked, hump-back, ugly.

Defraud. See cheat.

Defy. See challenge.

Degraded. He is d.; tahbusandáhgooze, v. n. 3, (p. c. tahusan-). See dispose.

Degrading. It is d.; tahbussandáhgwud, v. i. 7.

Deify. He d. him; o-muhnedóoweäun, v. t. I.

Dejected. See sad.

Delay. He d. (in a place); kayáhbe duhneze. (-in words); páhnemah ékedo. (-in thoughts); páhnemah enandum. (-in giving); nóomuhgáweze, v. n. 3.

Delegate. See ambassador.

Deliberate. See reflect.

Delicacy, (weakness of coustitution); gahgedezewin.

Delicate. He is d. (weak); gahgédeze, v. n. 3, (p. c. guhyahg-). See dainty.

Delicious (of taste). It is d.; (an. in.) wéengepóogoose, wéengepóogwud, v. n. 3, v. i. 7, (p. c. waung-).

Delight. See joy, please, glad, overjoy.

Delightful. It is d.; moojegandáhgwud, v. i. 7.

Deliver. See give, save, birth, set free.

Delirious. He is d.; nekáhbundum, v. n. 5.

Deluge, The; kemóoshkuhung uhke.

Demand. He d. it of him; o-nundootuhmuhwaun, v. t. II. (p. c. nand-). See ask.

Demoniac. See possessed.

Demoralize. See corrupt.

Den; n. i. wauzh, (pl. -un).

Deny. He d. him, it; od-ahgoonwátuhwaun, od-ahgoonwátaun, v. t. II., VII. (p. c. uhyahg-).

Depart. He d.; mahjah, v. n. 1, (p. c. muhyah-) See decamp, go away.

Depend on. See trust.

Deposed. He is d.; ishquah-negáhnezeäh, v. t. I. pass., (p.c. ashqu-).

Depot. See store-house.

Depressed. He is d.; ishkedaä, v. n. 2.

Deprive. See take away.

Depth. In the d. (in deep water); mejindim, uhnáhmindim.

Deputy; uhyahneka uhnoonind, (pl. -jig).

Deputy chief; ahneká-ogemah.

Deranged. See mad.

Deride. See mock at.

Derision. See contempt, mockery.

Derived. He, it, is d. from; oondáhdeze, oondáhdud, v. i. 7, (p. c. wand-).

Descend. He d. (goes down, gets down); nesáunduhwa, v. n. 2, (p. c. nas-). He d. astep; nesáhtuhkóoke, v. n. 3a. He d. a hill; nesáhkewa, v. n. 3. He descends upon him; opóoninduhwaun, v. II. (p. c. pwahn-).

Descendant. His d.; od-uhyáuneka- o-zhesháyun. He is descended from him; ween oondáhdeze. See generation.

Descent. There is a steep d.; uhnebadenah, v. i. 1, (p. c. aneb-).

Describe. He d. him, it; o-debáhjemaun, o-debáhdoodaun, v. t. I., VII.

Description; n. i. debáhjemoowin.

Desecarate. See defile.

Desert; n. i. bukwúdukúmmig.

Desert (run away). He d.; géeme, v. n. 3, (p. c. gahm-). See forsake.

Deserted. See desolate.

Deserter; p. n. a. gáhmid, (pl. -jig).

Deserve. He d. it; qúuhyuk-dóoduwah, pass. of v. t. II. (lit., he is treated right).

Desirable. He, it, is d.; núnduhwandáhgooze, -dáhgwud, v. i. 10.

Desire, n. i. nunduhwándumoowin, (pl. -un).

Desire. He d.; nunduhwándum, v. n. 5; nunduhwánjega, v. n. 2, (p. c. nand-). It d.; nunduhwándumóomuhgud, v. i. 8. He d. (wishes for) him, it; o-nunduhwánemaun, o-nunduhwándaun, v. t. I., VII.

Desire greatly; see long for, want.

Desist. See leave off.

Desk; n. i. ozhebeëgáwene-múhkukoons.

Desolate. It is d.; netáhgandáhgwud, v. i. 7, (p. c. natah-). See lonely.

Desolation; n. i. buhnáhjechegáwin.

Despair; n. i. áhnuhwanjegáwin, áhnemézewin.

Despair. He d. (is in despair); áhnuhwánjega, v. n. 2; áhnemeze, v. n. 3. He d. of him, it (thinks lost); o-bahnahdánemaun, o-bahnahdándaun, v. t. I., VII. (p. c. ban-). He d. of himself; bahnahdánindezo, mod. A. He d. of him (a sick person); od-áhnuhwáhbumaun, v. t. I. (p. c. uhyahn-). His life is d. of (from his appearance); áhnuhwáhbumenáhgooze, v. n. 3. His life is d. of (from his voice); buhbáhnahsetáhgooze, v. n. 3, (p. c. babah-).

Despatch. See send away.

Desperate. He is d.; kuhgwáhnesuggeühyah, v. n. 1

Despicable. See contemptible.

Despise. He d. him, it; o-tahbussánemaun, o-tahbussándaun, v. t. I., VII. (n. e. tab-). He d. himself ; tahbussá-nindezo, mod. A.

Despond. See despair,

Destination. His d.; wáh-duzhe-ezháud.

Destine. He d. him, it; od-enánemaun, od-enandaun, v. t. I., VII. (p. c. anan-). He, it, is destined to be; enandáhgooze-, -dáhgwud, v. i. 10.

Destiny; n. i. enandáhgoozewin.

Destitute. He is d.; muhnáse, v. n. 3, (p. c. man-).

Destroy. He d.; buhnáhjéëwa, v. n. 2, (p. c. ban-). It d.; buhnáhjéëwámuhgud, v. i. 8. He d. him, it; obuhnáhjeaun, o-buhnahjetoon, v. t. I., VIII. He does away with him, it; od-aúngooshkuhwaun, od-aúngooshkaun, v. t. II., VII., (p. c. uhyaung-). He, it is destroyed; buhnáhjéchegáuso, -gáhda, v. i. 9.

Destruction; n. i. buhnáhjeewáwin.

Detach. See separate.

Detect. See find.

Determine, (settle). He d. it; ogezhahkonaun; o-wuhwánahdaun, v. t. VII., (p. c. waw-). It is d., (fixed); wuhwánahjegahda, kezhahkoonegahda, v. i. 9. See also resolve.

Devastation; n. i. buhnáhjechegáwin.

Device, (plot); kuhkuhyánezewin.

Devil; n. a. mujje-muhnedoo, (pl. -g); máhnesewenése, (pl. -yug).

Devise. See plan.

Devoted. He is d. to him, it, (zealous in his service); od-aungwahmekuhwaun; od-aungwáhmekaun, v. t. II., VII., (p. c. uhyaungw-).

Devotion. See piety.

Devour. He d. him: od-aumwáun, v. t. V., (p.,c. am-).

Dew. There is d.; mindókud, v. i. 7, (-man).

Diamond. See precious stone.

Diarrhoea; shahbookáhwezewin. He has d.; shahbookáhweze, v. n. 3, (p. c. shuhy-).

Die. He d.; nebó, v. n. 4, (p. c. nab-). It d.; nebómuhgud, v. i. 8. It d. from heat; neboda, v. i. 2; nebodáso, v. n. 4. He d. suddenly, (after a short illness); kuhkáhmena, v. n. 2, (p. c. kak-), see suddenly. He d. in such a place ; duhpená, v. n. 2, (p. c. anduhp-), (e. g. he d. on the cross, he d. in the water). He d. for; oonjená, v. n. 2, (p. c. wanje-), (e. g. he d. for our sins; kepahtahsewenenahnin ke-oonjená. He d. for him; o-nebótuhwaun, v. t. II., (e. g., he d. for us; kegenebotáhgoonaun). He d. with; gegená, v. n. 2, (p. c. gah-), e. g. he d. in sin; pahtáusowin ke-gegená. He d. with him; o-weej-nebómaun, v. t. I., (p. c. wanj-). He wishes he would d.; o-nebówanemaun, v, t. I.

Differ. See disagree.

Different, (differently); puhkáun, aunje-: e. g., he writes it d.; od-áunjebeäun, puhkaun od-ozhebéäun. He, it is d.; puhkáunud, puhkáuneze, v. i. 7, v. n. 3, (p. c. pak-). In d. places; pábuhkaun. Of d. kinds; weeyáhge, (e. g., d. kinds of beasts; weeyáhge ahwaséeyug).

Difficult. It is d.; súhnuhgud, v. i. 7, (p. c. san-). In difficulty: he is in d.; súhnuhgeze, v. n. 3. He has a d. business; ahnemáhkumegeze. v. n. 3, (p. c. uhyahn-).

Difficulty; súhnuhgezewin, ahnemáhkumégezewin, (pl. -un). There is d.; ahnemáhkumegud, v. i. 7, (p. c. ahyahn). Dig. He d.; wáhneka, v. n. 2, (p. c. wuhyahn-). He d. deep; temeyáhneka, ishpahneka, v. n. 2. (p. c. tahm- ashp-). He d. him, it up; o-móokuhwaun, o-móokuhaun, v. t. II.. VII., (p. c. mwauk-). He d. up potatoes; móonáhuhpene, v. n. 3a., (p. c. mwah-). He d. up medical roots; móonáhushkékewa, v. n. 2. Digest. He d. it well; o-menokahgoon, v. t. II. in. obj. He cannot d. it; see disagree.

Dignified. He is d.; kechetwahwandáhgooze, v. n. 3, (p. c. kachetw-).

Dignity; n. i. kechetwahwandáhgoozewin.

Dilemma; ahnemáhkumégezewin.

Diligent. See industrious.

Dilute. He d. it, (liquid); o-ninguhbahwuhdoon, v. t. VIII., (p. c- nang-).

Dim. His eyes are d.; pégesuhwáube, v. n. 3. See eye.

Diminish. They, it d.; ashkum pungesháwuggezewug, -sháwuggud, v. n. 3, v. i. 7, (p.c. pange-). He d. it; o-pungewúgetoon, v. t. VIII.

Dine. He d.; náhwuhqua-wésene, v. n. 3. See eat.

Dinner; n. i. náhwuhqua - wésenewin.

Dining-room; ánduhzhe-wésening.

Dip. He d. him, it, in water; o-googeenaun, v. t. I., VII. (p. c. gwahg-). He d. him, it, a little in the w.; o-taúnguhgwínjemaun, o-taúnguhgwínjetoon, v. t. I., VIII. (p. c. tuhyaung-). He d. him, it, in s. thing; o-gindáhbegenaun, v. t. I., VII. (p. c. gand-). He d. his hand in the same vessel with him to take s. th. out; o-wéejegwuhbúhumuhwaun, mod. c. (p. c. wauj-). It is dipped in s. th.; (in. an.) gindáhbegenegáhda, -gáhso, v. i. 9.

Dirt; wáhnuk. See mud, dung, filth. He lives in d.; wéenube, v. n. 3, (p.c. waun-)

Dirty. He, it, is d.; wéeneze, v. n. 3. wéenud, v. i. 7, (p. c. waun-). It is d. (liquid); weenahgummee, v. i. 3. It is d. (wood); weenesuggah, weenesuggeze, v .i. 1, v. n. 3. It is dirty (any part of the body); weene-: e.g., his feet are dirty; weeneseda, v. n. 2. He makes him, it, d.; o-wéeneäun, mod. d.; o-wéenetoon, v. t. VIII. He makes himself d.; wéeneëdezo, mod. A. It makes him d.; -o-wéeneëgoon, v. i. I., in. obj. He makes things d.; wéenechega, v. n. 2. He, it, is made dirty; wéenechegáuso, -gáhda, v. i. 9. It makes d.; wéenetóomuhgud, v. i. 8. See muddy, filthy, obscene.

Disagree. We d.; kid-áhgoonwatáhdemin, mod. B. (p. c. uhyaug-). It d. with him (makes him ill); o-máhnekáhgoon, v. t, II. in. obj. (p. c. muhyah-).

Disagreeable. He, it, is d.; shéengandáhgooze, -dáhgwud; máhnandáhgooze, -dáhgwud, v. i. 10, (p. c. shaung, -muhyaun-). It sounds d.; shéengetáhgwud. His voice is d.; shéengetáhgooze.

Disappear. He it d.; aungwuhnáhgooze, aungwúhnahgwud, v. i. 10. He d. under the water; nekébeshin, v. n. 6. (p. c. nak-). See vanish.

Disappoint. He d. him; kahween o-dábeähseen. See. satisfy.

Disappointed. He is d.; kahween minwándunse. See discontented.

Disaster. See misfortune.

Disbelieve. He d. him, (thinks what he says is false); o-kéenuhwishkétuhwaun, v. t. II. See mistrust.

Discern. See distinguish, perceive.

Disciple; n. a. kekenoühmáhgun, (pl.-ug).

Discontent; n. i. mahnándumoowin. Discontented, He is d.; mahnándum, v. n. 5, (p. c. muhyahn-). He is d. with him, it; o-mahnánemaun, o-mahnándaun, v. t. I. VII.

Discontinuation; ahnezhétumoowin.

Discontinue. See leave off.

Discourage. He d. him; o-shahgwánemoäun, v. t. V. (p. c. shuhyahg-).

Discouraged. He is d.; shahgwánemo, v. n. 4, (p. c. shuhyahg-).

Discourse; n. i. kéekedowin. Wise d.; nebwáhkahtáhgoozewin. Foolish d; kuhkebáhsetáhgoozewin.

Discover. See find out, invent.

Disease; n. i. ahkoosewin, enáhpenáwín. He has such a d.; enáhpena, v. n. 2, (p. c. anah-).

Disembowel. See rip.

Disengage. He d. him (frees him from s. th.); o-medahgwánuhmuhwaun, mod. c. (p. c. mad-).

Disentangle. He d. it ; o-nuhsáhbegenaun, v. i. I. (p. c nasah-).

Disguise. He d. himself; wuhnéeyo, v. n. 4, (p. c. wan-).

Disgust; n. i. sheguhdándumoowin.

Disgusted. He is d. with him, it, (tired of); o-sheguhdánemaun, o-sheguhdándaun, v. t. I., VII., (p. c. shag-). See tired.

Dish, (bowl); n. i. onáhgun, (pl. -un). He washes d.; kesébegenáhguna, v n. 2. He wipes d.; keseënáhguna, v. v. 2, (p. c. kas-). See plate.

Dish-cloth; n. i. keseenegun, (pl. -un).

Dish-ful; ningotonáhgun.

Dish-game, (Indian play); puhgásawin.

Dishonest. He is d.; wuhyázhingáshke, mod. A., (p. c. way-).

Dishonesty; n. i. wuhyázhingashkewin.

Dishonor. He d. him; od-uhgáhsomaun, v. t. I., (p- c agah-).

Dishonorable. His conduct is d.; ahgáhtandáhgooze, v. n. 3, (p. c. agah-).

Dislocate. He has a joint d.; kootegótah, v. n. 1, (p. c. kwat-). His arm, leg, hand foot, &c., is d.; kootegónikátah, -kahdátah, -ninjétah, -sedátah, &c. He d. his arm, leg, &c., falling; kootegonikáshin, -kahdáshin, v. n. 6.

Disobedience; n. i. ahgoonwátumoowin.

Disobedient. He is d.; ahgoonwátum, guhgáunsetum, v. n. 5, (p. e. uhyahg-, gag-).

Disobey. He d. him; od-ahgoonwatuhwaun, o-guhgáunsetuhwaun, v. t. II., (p. c. gag-).

Disorder. It is in d., (confusion); péewesin, v. i. 5, (p. c. pahw-). He puts it in d.; opéewesedoon, v. t. VIII. His hair is in d.; niskindeba, v. n. 2.

Disperse. See scatter.

Displease. He d. him; onishkeäun, v. t. I. He is d. with him, it; omahnáhbumaun, omahnáhbundaun. v. t.1., VII. (p. c. muhyah-).

Dispose of. See give away, sell.

Disposition. See temper.

Dispute. We d., (debate); kid-uhyaúzhindándemin, mod. B., (p. c. ayah-). See quarrel, strife.

Disrespectful. See rude.

Dissatisfied. See discontented, sullen.

Dissemble. See pretend.

Dissention. See trouble, strife, schism.

Dissipated. He is d.; wuhnishquase, v. n. 3, (p. c. wan-).

Dissuade. He d. him; od-ahnezhétumoaun, v. t. I., (-p. c. uhyahn-).

Distance. It is such a d.; uhpéechah, v. i. .1, (p. c. apee-). What d. is it; ahneen apeechaug.

Distant, (far off); wahsuh. It is d.: wáhsuhwud, v. i. 7.

Distillery; n. i. ishkotáwaubookáwegummig.

Distinct. See plain.

Distinguish, (discern). He d. him, it; o-máhmenowáhbumaun, o-máhmenowáhbundaun, v. t. I., VII.. (p. c. mam-). He d. a point of land, (travelling); sáhgawasedoon, v. n. 6, (p. c. suhyahg-).

Distress; n. i. ahnemézewin. See trouble, unhappy.

Distribute, (divide among). He d.; máhduhooke, v. n. 3a., (p. c. muhyahd-). mahmégewa, v. n. 2, (p. c. mam-). He d. it, (an. in.); o-máhduhookánun, o-máhduhookan, v. t. VI. He d. it among them; o-máhduhoonúhmuhwaun mod. C. We d. it amongst us; kemáhduhoonédemin, mod. B. He d. to all; dábuhóoke, v. n. 3a. He d. also to him; odábuhoonaun, v. t. III. He has not enough to d. to all; noondáöoke, v. n. 3a. He has not enough to d. also to him; o-noondáöonaun, v. t. III.

Distribution; n. i. mahduhookéwin, muhyáhduhookeeng.

Disturb. He d. him (in his doings or speaking); o-wuhníshquaäun, v. t. I, (p. c. wan-). He d, it; o-wuhnishquatoon, v. t. VIII. He d, him; (when asleep or wishing to be quiet).; o-niskausoomaun, v. t. I., (p. c. nausk-).

Disturbance. See riot, trouble.

Ditch; n. i. puhsáhnekaun, (pl. -un). He digs a d.; puhsáhneka, v. n. 2, (p. c. pas-). He makes a d. through it; o-puhsahnekahdaun, v. t. VII. He digs a d. around him, it; o-kéwetuyáunekáhnaun, o-kéwetuhyaunekahdaun, v. t. III., VII. There is a d. made; puhsaunekáhda, v. i. 2.

Dive. He d.; googe, v. n. 3a. (p. c. gwah-). See disappear.

Diver; n. a. googewenéne, (pl. -wug). He is a good d.; zhéebuhnahbuhwa, v. n. 2, (p. c. zhaub-).

Divide. He d. (amongst people); nanáhwetahga, v. n. 2, (p. c. nuhyan-). He d. him, it; o-nanáhwenaun, v. t. III., VII. He d. it to him, or, among them; o-nanahwenumuhwaun, mod. c, or, o-nanahwetuhwaun, v. t. II. We d. it among us; ke-nanahwenuhmáhdemin, mod. B. It is divided; (an. in.) nanahwenegáuso, -gáhda, v. i. 9. Divided in thought; see unsettled. See separate.

Divination. See witchcraft, enchantment.

Divine. It is d.; kechetwahwandáhgwud, v. i. 7. D. things; ishpeming duhzh uhyeëen.

Divorce; n. i. wabenédewin. We are divorced; ke-wabenédemin, mod. B. A man that is d. from his wife; pezhegwáhba, (pl. -g). A woman d. from her husband; pezhegóoqua, (pt. -g).

Do. He does s. thing; ezhechega, v. n. 2, (p. c. azhe-). He does s. th. to him; o-dóoduhwaun, v. t. II. (p. c. andoo-). We do s. th. to one another; ke-doodáhdemin, mod. b. He d. s. th. in such a place; duhnúkumégeze, v. n. 3, (p. c. anduhn-). Do good (he does g.); meno-ezhechega. He does him g.; o-meno-dooduwaun. It does him g. (me-dicine); o-menokáhgoon. It does him no g.; o-máhnekáhgoon. Do evil (he does e.); mujje-ezhechega. He does him e.; o-mujje-dooduwaun, v. t. II. It does well (answers); menosa, v. i. 2. It does thus (goes thus); ezhesin, v. i. 5. That will do! Me ewh! Do not; kágo.

Dock, n. Same word as bridge.

Doctor; n. a. mushkekéwenéne, (pl. -wug). He d. people; nuhnunduhwéëwa, v. n. 2. He d. him; o-nuhnúnduhweäun, v. t. I.

Document; n. i. o-zhebéëgun, (pl. -un). See deed.

Doe; noozhás, (pl. -oog). Dog; n. a. uhnemoosh, (pl. -ug). My, thy, his d.; nindúy, kedúy, o-dúyun. Male d.; nahbásim, (pl. -oog). Female d.; noozhásim, (pl. -oog). Young d.; oóshkusim, (pl. -oog). Dog-sleigh; nuhbúggodáhbaun, (pl. -ug). He calls a d.; wéquikwússimwa, v. n. 2.

Doings; n. i. ezhechegáwinun, doodumoówinun, (prefix meno-, mujje-, for good, bad).

Doll. n. Use plaything, which see.

Dollar, n. i. One d.; pazhig waubik. Half a d.; ahbettuh-waubik. Twenty d.; neezhtuhnun duss waubik. How many d.? Ahneen duss waubik?

Domestic. See tame.

Done! (a wager); uhpená!

Done. See finished, cooked.

Don't; kago.

Don't know; see know.

Donkey. See ass.

Door; n. i. ishquáundam, (pl. -un). The d. is big; maungishquáundayah, v. i. 1, (p. c. mang-). The d. is small; uhgahsishquaundayah, v. i. 1, (p. c. agah-). He fixes the d.; o-nuhíshquaundánaun, v. t. VII. (p. c. naïsh-). D.-keeper (sexton); ganuhwándung ishquáundam. Near the d.; chígishquaund. Dormitory. See bedroom.

Double; beeto-: e.g., He has two pair of shoes on; béetokesena, v. n. 2, (p. c. bahto-). He has two suits of clothes on; beetokonuhya.

Double (twice as much); neezhing-meník.

Double. See fold.

Double-barrelled. It is d.-b.; neezhóoshkud, v. i. 7, (p. c. nauzh-).

Doubt. He d.; kéwahdándum, v. n. 5, (p. c. kahw-). He is of doubtful mind; quénuhwe-enandum, v. n. 5, (p. c. quaun-): or, use the dubitative form of the verb. See mistrust.

Doubt; n. i. kewahdándumoowin.

Doubtful. It is d; keewahdandáhgwud.

Doubtfulness; expressed by quénuhwe-: e.g., He does not know where to live; quénuhweühbe, v. n. 3, (p. c. quaun-). He d. n. k. what to do; quénuhwe-doodum, v. n. 5. He d. n. k. what to do for him ; o-quénuhwe-dooduhwaun, v. t. II. He d. n. k. where to find him, it; o-quénuhwahbumaun, -wahbundaun, v. t. I. VII.

Doubtless. See certainly. Dough; wanúdenegáusood buhquázhegun. He makes it into d.; o-mezewáchishkewahgenaun, v. t. I. (p. e. mag-).

Dove; n. a. waubomeeme, (pl. -g).

Down, (soft feathers); meságwunun.

Down, (downwards); nesúhyeëe. Down stream; nesáhjewun. He goes d. the str. in a boat, &c.; nesáhboono, v. n. 4, (p. c. naus-). D.-stairs; tahbuhshish, He goes d.-stairs; nesáunduhwa, v. n. 2. D.-hill; nesahke.

Doze. He d.; ahsingwum, v. n. 5, (p. c. uhyah-).

Drag. See draw, pull.

Dragon-fly; n. a. oboodushkooneshé, (pl. yug-).

Drain (make dry). He dr. it; o-buhsáhnekáhdoon, v. t. VIII.

Draught. There is a d.; shahboodá-ahsin, v. i. 5, (p. c. shuhyah-).

Draught-ox; n. a. odáhbe-pezheke, (pl. -wug).

Draw. See paint.

Draw (drag). He d.; o-dáhbe, v. n. 3a. (p. c. wad-). He makes him d. s.-th. (e. g., a sleigh); od-odáhbeäun, v. t, I. He draw him, it (in a sleigh, &c.); od-odahbahnaun, od-odahbahdaun, v. t. III., VII. He d. him, it, along; o-pemedahbahnaun, -bahdaun, v. t. III., VII. He d. him, it, away; omahje-dahbahnaun, -bahdaun, v. t. III., VII. He draw him, it, to him; o-wéekoobenaun, o-wéekoobedoon, v. t. I., VIII. (p. c. wauk-). He d. s.-th. with difficulty; áhnemedáhbe, v. n. 3a. He finishes drawing it; o-cháhgedahbáhdaun, v. t. VII. He d. a load; ahwáujedáh-be, v. n. 3a. He d. a fish out of the water (in a small net); o-gwahbahwaun keegoyun, v. t. V. (p. c. gwuhyah-). See pull.

Draw back. He d. b. sitting; equúhbe, v. n. 3, (p. c. aqu-).

Draw liquid. He d. 1.; gwáhbuhun, v. n. 5, (p. c. gwuhyaub-). He d, it; o-gwahbuhaun, v. t. VII. He d. water; gwáhbuhega, v. n. 2. He d. w. from a fountain, &c; gwáhbuhebe, v. n. 3a.

Draw up on shore. He d. it (canoe, &c.) up on sh.; od-uhgwuhódoon, v. t. VIII.; od-uhgwáhsedoon, v. t. VIII. (p. c. agw-).

Drawers; n. i. betúhwegebodayágwusoon.

Draw-knife; n. i. moókoojegun, (pl. -un).

Draw-net; n. a. cheemahahgun, uhgwahbenáhgun, (pl. -ug). He fishes with a d.-n.; cheemaháh, v. n. 1, (p.c. chaum-); od-uhgwáhbenaun keegoyun.

Dread (regard with fear). He d. him, it; o-gooshemaun, o-goosetaun, v. t. I., VII. (p. c. gwa-). He dr. him, it, in thoughts; o-gootaunánemaun, o-gootaunandaun, v. t. I., VII. It is dreaded, dreadful; (an. in.) gootahnandáhgooze, -dáhgwud, v. i. 10.

Dream; n. i. enáhbundumoowin, (pl. -un). Good d.; minwáhbundumoowin. Bad d.; mahnáhsuhbundumoowin.

Dream. He d.; enahbundum, v. n. 5; enahbunjega, v. n. 2, (p. c. anahb-); He d. of him, it; od-enáhbumaun, od-enáhbundaun, v. t. I., VII. He has a good d.; minwáhbundum, (or, minwah-bunjéga). He has a bad d.; mahnáhsuhbundum. He has a beautiful d.; wazhebáhbundum. He has a filthy d.; pezhegwáhsáhbundum. He has an un-lucky d.; áhpuhwa, v. n. 2. He has a painful d.; kootugáhbundum.

Dreamer; p. n. a. anáhbundung, (pl. -ig), He is a d.; netáh-enáhbundum, v. n. 5.

Dregs. There are d.; shégoosa, v. i. 2, (p. c. shah-).

Drenched. He is d. with rain; poosáhbahwa, v. n. 2, (p. c. pwahs-).

Dress; n. i. ahgwéwin, (pl. -un). She has a new d. on; ooshke-konuhya, v. n. See gown.

Dress. See clothe, put on, tan.

Dressed. He is elegantly d.; wahwázhekoonuhya, v. n. 2. He is gloriously d.; pezhegandáhgweö, v. p. 4. He is conceitedly d.; suhságahkoonuhya. He is warmly d.; keezhópeso, v. n. 4.

Dress a wound. He d. his w.; o-sinsóbenaun, v. t. III., (p. c. san-). His w. is d.; sinsóbezo, v. n. 4.

Dried; pahtá- : e. g. dried fish; pahtá-keego.

Drift-wood; aungwáhsug, (pl. -oog).

Drink; n. i. menequáwin. It. is d.; menequáwinewun, v. i. 6.

Drink. He d.; menequá, v. n. 2, (p. c. mane-), He d. it; o-menequan, v. t. VI. He d. it up; od-iskundaun, v. t. VII., (p.c. ask-). He d. with him; o-weeje-menequamaun, v. t. I., (p. c. wauje-). We d. together; kewéeje-bindemin, mod. B. He is in the habit of drinking; menequáshke, mod. a. He d. in such a place; duzhebe, v. n. 3a., (p. c. anduzh-). He d. in different places; pahbáhezhebe, v. n. 3a. He spends it in d.; o-menequahdaun, v. t. III., VII.

Drip. It. d.; puhpaúngegah, v. i. 1.

Drive. He d. him, (a horse, &c); od-odáhbeäun, v. t. I., (p.c. wad-). He d. him, (a friend, &c.) in a carriage or sleigh; od-odahbahnaun, v. t. III. See cart.

Drive away. He d. him a.; od-ekonáuzhahwaun, v. t. V., (p. c. ako-).

Driven by the waves. He, it is d. by the waves.; pahpáhmewábuhgoo, v. n. 4; pahpahmewábuhun, v. i. 6.

Driven by the waves. He, it is d. by the w.; pahpáhmewábuhogoo, v. n. 4; pahpahmewábuhun, v. i. 6. Driven by the wind. He, it is d. about by the w.; pahpáhmaushe, v. n. 3; pahpahmáhsin, v. i. 5. He, it is d. back by the w.; ahzháyaushe, ahzháyahsin. He, it is d. to the shore by the w.; uhgwuyáushe, uhgwuyáhsin.

Droll. He, it is d.; wahweeyahdandahgooze, -dahgwud, v. i. 10. He thinks him, it d.; o-wahweeyáhdanemaun, o-wahweeyahdandaun, v. 1.1. VII., (p. c. wawee-). See jesting.

Drop; n. i. paúngegaug. One, two drops, &c.; ahbeding paungegaug, neezhing paungegaug. It d.; paúngegah, v. i. 1. See drip.

Drop, (let fall). He d. him it; o-buhneénaun, v. t. I., VII., (p. c. ban-); o-pungeshemaun, o-pungesetoon, v. t. I., VIII., (p. c. pang-). He d. fire; o-benaunzhánaun ishkoota, v. t. VII, (p. c. ban-). He d. it in a hole or vessel; o-boodáhquan, v. t. VI.

Dropsy. He has d.; oombejeeshkah, v. n. 1. (p. c. wam-).

Drought. There is a d., (want of rain); bebenákumegedá, v. i. 2, (p. c. bab-).

Drown. He d., (is drowning); nesáhbuhwa, v. n. 2, (p. c. nas-). He d.him; o-gebwahnáhbuhwahnaun, v. t. III.

Drum; n.a. tawáägun, (pl. -ug); metik-wukik, (pl. -oog). d. stick; páhguhukookwun, (pl. -un). He beats a d.; tawáëga, v. n. 2, (p. e. tuhyaw-).

Drunk. He is d.; kewushquábe, v. n. 3a. He is a drunkard; kewushquabishke, or netah-kewushquábe. He makes him d.; o-kewushquábeäun, mod. d. Ebe at the end of a word signifies a drunken action, e. g., moojegebe, he is joyous in liquor; menóbe, he feels gay in liquor, v. n. 3a.

Drunkard; p. n. a. kahwushquábid, (pl. jig).

Drunkenness; n. i. menequashkewin, kewushquabewin. See intoxicate.

Dry. He, it is dry, or becomes dry; pauso, v. n. 4, pahta, v. i. 2, (p. c. puhyah-). He d. himself; pauso. He dries it; (in. an.) o-pausaun, o-pauswaun, v. t. VII., V. The ground is d.; pangookummegah, v. i. 1. It is d. up, (the water); iskuttámuhgud, v. i. 8. He d. it in the smoke; (in. an.) o-gáuskesaun, o-gáunskeswaun, v. t. VII., V.

Duck; n. a. sheshéeb, (pl. -ug). He hunts ducks; nundosheba, v. n. 2; wood-duck; seähmo, (pl. -g) Autumn-duck; pequáhkoosheeb, (pl. -ug).

Duckling; n. a. sheshéebans, (pl. -ug).

Dull. See stupid.

Dumb person; p. n. a. natah-kékedoosig, (pl. oog). He is d.; kahween okúshketóoseen chekékedood.

Dunce; n. a. babágekáhdezid, (pl. -jig).

Dung; n. i. moow. Cow d. ; pezhéke-moow.

Durable. See strong.

During; mágwah, ahpeéch.

Dusky. He is d.; muhkuhdáweze, v. n. 2.

Dust; n. i. weyuggussá. He is d.; we-yuggussáwe, v. n. 3. White d. on the head; uhkéenequun. The d. is raised by the wind; pingwáömbahsin, v. i. 5. See shake off, wipe.

Dusty. It is d.; benáhkummegíshkah, v. i. 1. He makes it d.; o-benáhkum-megíshkaun, v. t. VII. (p. c. ban-).

Duty. It is his d.; nunduhwandáhgooze, v. n. 3, (p. c. nand-).

Dwarf; p. n. a. uhyáhpeche-tuhkóosid, (pl. -jig). He is a d.; áhpeche-tuhkóose, v. n. 3.

Dwell. He d.; dah, v. n. 1, (p. c. and-). He d. in him, it; od-úhbetuhwaun, od-úhbetaun, v. t. II., VII. (p. c. abe-). He has him dwelling in him; okékish-kuhwaun, v. t. II. See live

Dwelling. His d.; ándaud, part. of dah.

Dye (colour); n. i. onunsegun, uhdesegun.

Dye. He dyes it such a colour; (an. in). o------uhdiswaun, o------uhdisaun: e.g., He d. it black; o-muhkuhdáwuhdiswaun. He d. it red; o-misquudiswaun, v. t. V., VII.

Dyed. It is dyed; (an. in.) uhdesö, v. n, 4; uhdetá, v. i. 2. It is dyed such a colour; (an. in.) enaunso, v. n. 4; enaunda, v. i. 2, (p. c. anaun-): e.g., It is d. green; ozháhwushquáunda. -black; makuhdaënaúnda. -yellow; osówaunda. -leaf colour (green); uhnéebish-enaunda.

Dyer; p. n. a. adesegad, (pl. -jig). He is a d.; uhdesega, v. n. 2, (p. c. ad-).

Dysentery. He has d.; sháhboondáshkah, v. n. 1, (p. c. shuhyahb-).

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