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Ojebway Language:

A Manual for missionaries
and others employed among the Ojebway Indians
by Edward F. Wilson, 1874


English-Ojebway Dictionary



Abandon. He abandons, gives it up; ahnuhwánjega, v. n. 2 (p. c. uhyaun-). He ab. him, it; onúhguhnaun, o-wabenaun, o-nuhguhdaun, v. t. I. III. VII. (p. c. nag-, wuhyab-). He, it, is abandoned; ahnuhwanjegauso, -jegahda, v.i. 9.

Abhor. See hate.

Abide in. He has him abiding in him; v.t. II., okékishkuhwaun, (p. c. kahkishk-). See dwell.

Ability, n. i. wahweengásewin.

Able. He is a.; o-kushketoon, v. t. VIII. (p. c. kashk-).

Abolish. He ab. it; od-aungooshkaun, v. t. VII. (p. c. uhyaung-). It is abolished, aungooshkahmuhgud, v. i. 8.

Abominable. See horrible.

Abortion. See miscarriage.

Abound. It ab.; meshénud, pahtuhénud, v. i. 7 (p. c. mash-, puhyaut-), or use kah as an affix. See plenty.

About. All about; meze. Going about; pahpah-. See go about. About, nearly; kagah. About.-See concerning.

Above; púhgeje, ishpeming, ogidjuhyeëe.

Abscess; n. i. mene.

Abscess. He has an a.; meneewe, v. n. 3, (p. c. man-). Matter runs from the a.; menéewun, v. i. 6. His a. bursts, paushkemenishkah, v. n. 1 (p. c. puhyaush-).

Absent. He is a.; enande, v. n. 3 (p. c. an-). He is a. so many days; dussogoonande. He is a. two days; neezhogoonande. He is a. a night; nekahnande. He is a. for such a reason; oondande. He is a. from home (occupied elsewhere); oondumishkah, v. n. 1 (p. c. wand-). See also home - not at home.

Absolutely; áhpeche, pahkúj.

Absolve. See blot out.

Abstain. He abstains, withholds himself from something; minjemenédezo, mod. A. (p. c. manje-). He abstains from eating it; o-goonwahpoon, v. t. VI. (p. c. gwanw-).

Abstinence; n. i. goonwáhpoowin.

Absurd. See foolish.

Abundance; n. i. dábesewin, nebenuh. See plenty.

Abuse, bad use; n. i. mujje-uhyoówin.

Abuse, make bad use of. He abuses it; (an., in.,) o-mujje-uhwaun, o-mujje-uhyoon, v. t. II., VIII., (p. c. maje-). He ab. (treats ill) him, it; od-ahbinjeáun, od-ahbinjetoon, v. t. I., VIII., (p. c. uhyaub-). He ab. him, it, with words; od-ahbinsoomaun, od-ahbinsoodaun, v. t. I., VII.

Abyss, n. i. goondáhkumegesun.

Accept. He ac. him, it; ododáhpenaun, o-meno-odáhpenaun, v. t. I., VII., (p. c. wad-).

Accident. See hurt, misfortune. By accident; peeche-. See mistake.

Accompany. He ac., joins the party; weejeëwa, v. n. 2, (p. c. wauj-). He ac. him; oweejewaun, v. t. I. We ac. each other; keweenjindemin, mod. B. He ac. him a little way through politeness: o-meejeesekuhwaun, v. t. II.

Accomplish. See finish, effect, fulfil.

Accord, with one accord; máhmuhwe. Of one's own accord; penésekah.

According to; -ezhe: e.g. azheminwándumun; according to thy pleasure.

Accusation; n. i. pahtaungáwin.

Accuse, bear witness against. He. ac. him; opahtáhmaun, v. t. I., (p. c. puhyaut-). He ac., finds fault with, him, it; od-uhnáhmemaun, od-uhnahmindaun, v. t. I., VII. He ac. him, it, in thoughts; od-uhnaumanemaun, od-uhnaumandaun, v. t. I, VII.

Accuse falsely. He ac. him f.; opeenishemaun, v. t. I., (p. c. paunish-).

Accuse by imputation. Ho ac. him by i.; od-uhpúggujjesétuhwaun, v. t. II., (p. c. apug-).

Accuser; p. n. a. puhyahtaungad, (pl. -jig).

Accustomed. He is ac.; nuhguddeze, v. n. 3, (p. c. nag-). He is ac. to him, it; o-nuhguddanemaun, o-nuhguddandaun, v. t. I., VII. He ac. himself to s. th.; nuhguddanindezo, mod. A. He makes him, it, ac. to it; o-nuhgujjeäun, o-nuhgujjetoon, v. t. I., VIII.

Ache; dawe-. (e. g. He has headache, toothache; dawequa, dawáhbeda).

Acid. See sour.

Acknowledge. See confess.

Acorn; n, i. metégoomin, (pl. un).

Acquire. See procure, gain, earn.

Acquit; o-púhgedenaun, v. t. I., (p. c. pag-), he a. him.

Acre; n. i. Tebúhegun. See measure.

Across, áhzhuhwe-; acr. a river or lake, uhgáhming. He carries him, it, acr. the water in a boat, &c.; od-ahzhuhwuhonaun, od-ahzhuhwuhodoon, v. t. I., VIII., (p. c. uhyauzh-). He, it, is carried acr.; ahzhuhwuhojegauso, -jegahda, v. i. 9.

Act, he acts; ezhéchega, v. n. .2, (p. c. azhe-); uhnóoke, v. n. 3, (p. c. anoo-); dóodum, v. n. 5. (p. c. andoo-); kemáh-muhwechegámin, v. n. 2, we a. together. See operate.

Action; n. i. dóodumoowin, ezhechegáwin, (pl. -un).

Active. He is a.; tahtáhduhbe, v. n. 3a. He works actively; netahuhnooke, v. n. 3a, (p. c. natah-).

Add. He a. to it; omeshénuhtoon, v. t. VIII. See also lengthen, put.

Addition. Piece added; ahnekájegun.

Addition. Sum; n. i. mahwundogedáusowin. He does addition; máhwundogedáuso.

Address. See speak to, speak.

Administrator. See manager.

Adhere. It adheres to it; uhgwáhkoosin, v. i. 5 (p. c. agwah-). See stick.

Adjoin. It adjoins; pásho ahtá. See touch.

Admire. He a. it, ominwáhbundaun, v. t. VII., (p. c. manwahb-). See wonder at.

Admiration It is worthy of a.; minwáhbumenahgwud, v. i. 10. He is worthy of a.; minwáhbumenáhgooze, v. n. 3.

Admit, say permit to enter.

Admonish. See exhort.

Adopt. He ad. him; o-wáungoomaun, v. t. I., (p. c. wuhyaung-).

Adopted child. My, thy, his a. child; ne-nejáhnesekáhwin, ke nejáhnesekáhwin; o-nejáhnesekáhwinun. He is my a. ch.; nind-onejáhnesekáhnun, v. t. VI.

Adopted father; oosekáhwin. He is my a. f.; nind-oosekáhnun, v. t. VI.

Adorn. See ornament.

Adore. See worship.

Adult. He is a.; netáhwege, v. n. 3, (p. c. natahw-). Also netáhwegeäh, pass, of v. t. I.; kezhege, v. n. 3.

Adult person; p. n. a. natáhwegid, (pl. -jig).

Adulterer; n. a. pezhigwáujenene, (pl. -wug); or, kakánemaud pakahnesénejin equáwun, (one who knows strange women.) See libertine.

Adulteress; n. a. pezhigwáujequa, (pl. -g); kuhkebáujequa, (pl. -g).

Adultery; n. i. pezhigwáhdezewin. He commits a.; pezhigwáhdeze, v. n. 3. He accuses him (her) of ad.; od-uhgwáhdumuhwaun, v. t. II.

Advance. In advance, on before; kéezhah, neegaun.

Adventurer; p. n. a. pa-páhuhyezhaud suhnúhgudoong.

Advertise, say put in the newspaper.

Advocate. See intercessor.

Afar off; wáhsuh.

Affectation; wahwéezhekeezhwéwin. He is aff. wahwéezhekéezhwa, v. n. 2.

Affection; n. i. sahgeëwáwin, sáhgeëdewin.

Affirm; use ekedo, say.

Afflict (make sad). He afflicts him; o-kushkándumeäun, v. 1.1., (p. c. kashk-). (Torture), he af. him; o-kooduggeäun, v. t. I., (p. c. kwad-).

Afflicted. He is a.; wahsetáhwedaä, v. n. 2. See sad.

Affliction; n. i. wahsetahwedaäwin.

Afloat. See float.

Afford. He can a. it; okushketoon, v. t. VIII., (p. c. kashk-): dábesa, v. n. 2, (p. c. duhyab-). He cannot a. it; noondase, v. n. 3.

Affront. See insult.

Afraid. He is a.; ságeze, v. n. 3, (p. c. suhya-): uhgooske, v. p. 3a, (p. c. ag-). He is a., dares not, shahgwánemo, v. n. 4, (p. c. shuhyahgw-). He is a. to do it; muhnáhdoodum, v. n. 5, (p. c. man-). Kotahje, he is a.; ogootaun, he is a. to do it. See fear, timid, shy, anxious.

After; ishquah, ke-ishquah.

Afternoon; ke-ishquah-nahwuhquag.

Afterwards; pahmah, nahguj.

After to-morrow (the day); uhwúss-wahbang. Two days after to-morrow, i.e. three days hence; keche-uhwúss-wahbang.

Again; ménuhwah. Back again; biskaub, nayaub.

Against, use close to; pásho. See the verbs with which it is used.

Age. He is of such an age; uhpéeteze, v. n. 3, (p. c. apee); dusso-pebóon-uhgeze, v. n. 3, (p. c. andusso-). What age is he? Ahneen apeetezid? or, ahneen andusso peboon uhgezid? See old.

Aged. See old.

Agent, use chief; ogemah; or manager, which see.

Agile. See nimble.

Agitate. He a. it (liquid); omahmuh-dáhkuhmesedoon, v. t. VIII., (p. c. mam).

Agitated. It is a. by the wind (liquid); mahmahdáhkuhmesa, v. i. 2. It is a. by the wind, (a reed, &c.); mahmuh-dáhsin, v. i. 5.

Ago; ahzhe.

Agony; n. i. kootuggetóowin.

Agree. We a. together; ke-pazhigwandumin, v. n. 5, (p. c. puhyazh-); ke-meno-wéejindemin, mod. B, (p. c. mano-). It a. together; wéejindemuhgud, v. i. 8, (p. c. waujin). He agrees to it; nuhquatum, v. n. 5.

Agreeable. He is a.; minwandáhgoose, v. n. 3, (p. c. manw-). Onésheshe, v. n. 3, (p. c. wanesh-). It is a.; minwandáhgwud, v. i. 7; onásheshin, v. i. 5.

Agreeably; minwandáhgwukúmmig.

Agriculture; n. i. ketegawin.

Aground. He runs a. paddling; chákesa, v. n. 2, (p. c. chuhyak-). He runs a. sailing; chakaushe, v. n. 3, (p. c. chuhyak-).

Ague. See shaking, fever.

Ahead; negaun.

Ail. See matter with.

Aim at, (with gun, &c.) He a. at something; shegwáyahbunjega, v. n. 2, (p.. shagw-); paushkingwáne. v. n. 3, (p. c. puhyaushk-). He a. at him; o-shegwayáhbumaun, v. t. I. He a. at it: o-shegwayáhbundaun, r. t. VII.

Air, firmament; mezhuhkéezhik. Air, breath; nasawin. In the air; ishpeming, kéezhegoong. In the open air: mesheshahwuhkummig.

Air-bladder; n. i. opikwauj, (pl. -in).

Alabaster, (white stone); wáubuhsin.

Alarm; n. i. kootáujewin. A. from a noise; uhmúhnesoowin.

Alarmed, (he is); uhmúhneso, v. n. 4 (p. c. amuhn-); megooshkáhje-uhyah, v. n. 1, (p. c. mag-). It alarms him; omegooshkáhjeëgoon, v. t. I., (with inan. obj.) His heart is al.; megooshkahjedaä, v. n. 2.

Alas! See oh dear!

Alcohol, fire water; ishkootá wahbo.

Alder; n. i. wahdóop, (pl. -in).

Algonquin Indian; n. a. odishquáhgummee, (pl. -g). Do. squaw; odishquahgummiqua, (pl. -g).

Alight. The bird alights; poone penáshe, v. n. 3, (p. c. pwahnid-).

Alive; adv. kegebemáhdiz.

Alive. He is a.; bemáhdeze, v. n. 3, (p. c. bamah-). It is a.; bemáhdud, v. i. 7; bemáhdezémuhgad, v. i. 8.

All; kúhkenuh. All of it; kuhkenuh kago. All of us; kuhkenuh andúhcheyung (as v. n. 3 part.). That's all; me kúhkenuh.

All day; kuhba-keezhik.

All night; kuhba-tebik.

All right, (it is); me quuhyuk.

All winter, &c.; kuhba-peboon.

All kinds; ahnooj, ahnooj kago, weeyáhgeühyee.

All nations; ahnooj azhewéenzoojig.

All over. See everywhere. Its fur is black all over; poosmuhkuhdáwahwa.

Allegory; n. i. ahwájegun, (pl. -un).

Allow. See permit.

Allowable. It is a.; enandáhgwud, v. i. 10.

Allare. See entice.

Almanack; n. i. kezhegudó-muhzenúhegun.

Almighty; muhyáhmuhwe-mushkúhwezid.

Almost; kagah.

Alms. He gives a.; shahsháhwanjega, v. n. 2, (p. c. shash-); ahpúhgejega, v. n. 2, (p. c. apuhg-). Almsgiving; n. i. shahsháhwanjegáwin, ahpáhgejegáwin.

Alone; adv. nezhéka.

Alone. He is a.; nezhekáweze, v. n. 3, (p. c. nazhe-); pázhego, v. n. 4, (p. c. puhyazhe-). He is a. in a canoe; nezhekaökum, v. n. 5. He is a. in a house, lodge, room; nezhekáwuhbe, v. n. 3.

Along; -uhne, with a verb, e. g. he goes along, uhne-ëzhah.

Alongside; opemáuhyee.

Aloud. See speak.

Already; áhzhegwah, zhuhyégwah, ahzhe, zhuhya.

Also; kuhya.

Altar; n. i. sahsahgewéjegunáhbik, (pl. -oon); puhgedénega-uhdóopoowin, (pl. -un). On the altar; sahsahgewéjegun-áhbekoong.

Alter. See change.

Alternately; mamáshquud.

Although; ahnoo, mésuhwah.

Altogether; ahpeche.

Alum; v. i. shewáhbik.

Always; uhpuhna, móonzhug.

Always there. It is always there; (an. in.) moonzhugeshin, moonzhugesin, v. n. 6, v. i. 5, (e. g., his moccasins are always lying there; moonzhngesinoon o-muhkesinun.)

Always the same; pázhigwunoong.

Am. I am; nindowh. See be.

Ambassador; n. a. mezhénuhwa, (pl. -g).

Ambition; n. i. ausquúhnezewin.

Ambitious. He is a.; ausquúhneze, v. n. 3, (p. c. uhyausqu-).

Ambush. He lies in a.; úhkundo, v. n. 4a., (p. c. ak-). He lies in a. for him; od-úhkuhmuwaun, v. t. II.

Amend. See reform.

American; n. a. kechemóokomaun, (Big knife), pl. -ug. Am. woman; keche-móokomáunequa, (pl. -g). Am. child; kechemookomáunans, (pl. -ug). He is an Am.; kechemookomáunewe, v. n. 3. (p. c. kachem-).

Amiable. See agreeable.

Ammunition; n. i. paúshkesegáwin.

Among; magwa, magwáuhyeëe. Among, us, you, &c.; emuh anduhzhe uhyáhyung, -yag, &c. In composition; duhgo. He is among others, duhgo-uhyáh, v. n. I., (p. c. dago-). It is am. o.; duhgo-uhyáhmuhgud, v. i. 8. He sits am. o.; dúhgwuhbe, v. n. 3. He counts him am. o.; o-dúhgogemaun, v. t. I. He counts himself am. o.; dúhgogenédezo, mod. A. He dies am. o.; duhgooná, v. n. 2. He names him, it, am. o.; o-duhgowéenaun, v. t. III.; o-dúhgowéendaun, v. t. VII. He places him, it, am. o.; o-duhgoosaun, v. t. IV.; o-duhgootoon, v. t. VIII. He stands am. o.; duhgoogáhbuhwe, v. n. 3. He swallows it am. o. objects; o-duhgogoonaun, v. t. III.; o-duhgógoondaun, v. t. VII.

Amorous, he is; sahgeëwashke, mod. A.

Amputate. See hand, arm, leg, &c.

Amuse. He a. him; opahpenánemwaun, v. t. V., (p. c. puhyahp-). He a. him, plays with him; owéeduhkumégesemaun, v. t. I., (p. c. wahd-).

Amusement, (noisy); n. i. oombáhkumégesewin. He engages in noisy a.; oombáhkumégese, v. n. 3, (p. c. wambahk-).

Amusing. See droll.

Ancestor, n. a., our ancestors; noosemenáhbuneeg, ninketezemenáhbuneeg. See generation.

Anchor; n. i., (pl. -un); poonekunjegun.

Anchor, v. n. He casts anchor; poonekunjega, v. n. 2, (p. c. pwahn-). He a. it; (in. an.) opoonekuhnaun, v. t. VIII; opoonekahnaun, v. t. III. He weighs a.; owéewuhquahaun poonekunjegun.

Ancient; kata.

And; kuhya, dush.

Anecdote. See story.

Anew; aunje.

Angel; n. a. angen, (pl. -ug).

Angelica-root; n. a. weka.

Anger; n. i. nishkáhdesewin, nishkanjegawin. Anger of heart; nishkedaäwin. Mutual anger; nishkánindewin.

Angle. See fish.

Angry. He is a.; nishkáhdeze, v. n. 3. (p. c. nashk-); enewáze, v. n. 3; péeche-nuhwáze, v. n. 3. He keeps a.; nishkaninga, nishkánjega, v. n. 2. His heart is a.; nishkedaä, v. n. 2. He is of an a. nature; nishkánjegáshke, mod. a. He begins to be a.; mahjegedáuso, v. n. 4. He comes angry; peejegedáuso. He is a. on account of; oonjegedáuso. He is over angry; osáumegedáuso. He goes out a.; sáhgejegedáuso. He looks angry; mahkáhjingwa, v. n. 2.

Angry with. He is a. with him, it; onishkanemaun, v. t. I.; onishkandaun, v. t. VII. They are a. with each other; kenishkánindemin, mod. B. He is a. with him on account of; od-oondánemáun, v. t. I, (p. c. wand-).

Angry (make) He makes people a.; nishkeëwa, v. n. 2. He makes him a.; onishkeäun, v. t. I. He makes him a. holding him; onishkenaun, v. t. I. He makes him a. with his words; o-nishkemaun, v. t. I. We make each other a. with our words; kenishkindemin, mod. B. He provokes him to anger; onahnishkaújeäun, v. t. I.

Anguish; ámemezewin.

Animal (wild); n. a. ahwáse, (pl. -yug).

Animate An. nouns in Ojebway terminate their plural with g, and the verb to agree with them must have, an anim. ending, e.g., I see cattle; newahbumaug pezhékewug. See inanimate.

Ankle-bone; n. i. peegoogunaun.

Anniversary; p. n. i. wájechesag. The a. comes round; ójechesa, v. i. 2; debishkáhmuhgud, v. i. 8.

Announce, He a. something; weenduhmahga, v. n. 2, (p. c. waund-).

Announcement; n. i. weendumahgáwin.

Annoy. See trouble, bother, provoke.

Anoint. He a. him, it; o-nóomenaun, v. t. I., v.t. VII., (p. c. nwahm-). He a. is head; onuhmáhkoonaun, v. t. III. He a. his own head; nuhmahkoonédezo, mod. A., (p. c. namahk-).

Another; ménuhwah pázhig, pakáhnezid, pakáhnuk. He, it, is another, puhkáhneze, v. n. 3; puhkáhnud, v. i. 7.

Another way. He goes a. w.; pahká, v. n. 2; pahkáweze, (p. c. pak-).

Answer; n. i. nuhquátumoowin.

Answer. He a.; nuhquátum, v. n. 5; nuhquátahga, v. n. 2, (p. c. naqu-). He a. him; onuhquátuhwaun, v. t. II. He a. disrespectfully; ahzhedánga, v. n. 2, (p.c. uhyahzh-). He a. him disresp.; od-ahzhedámaun, v. t. I. It answers, suits; menosa, v. i. 2. See reply.

Ant; n. a. ánego, (pl. -g).

Ant-hill; n. i. ánegowegúmmig, (pl. -oon).

Anvil; n. i. uhshótuhegun, (pl. -un).

Anxious. He is a. about him; od-uhgóoskenun, v. t. VI, (p. c. agoos-). He is a. about himself, dreads some misfortune; uhgóoskeenédezo, mod. A.

Any; kágo. Any one; uhwéyuh.

Apart; opemáühyee.

Ape; n. a. nundoomahkomashe, (pl. -yug).

Ape. He a. him; od-uhyénuhwaun, v. t. II.

Aperient; n. i. sháhboosegun.

Apostate; wuhyábenung od-uhnuhmeäwin.

Apothecary; n. a. mushkekekáwenéne, (pl. -wug).

Apothecary shop; n. i. mushkekéwegúmmig.

Appear. He a.; náhgwe, náhgooze, v. n. 3. It a.; náhgwud, v. i. 10, (p. c. nuhyahgw-). He a. thus; ezhenáhgooze; It a. thus; ezhenáhgwud. He a. different; aunjenáhgooze, v. i. 10. He makes himself a. (in a vision); nahgwéëdezo, mod. A. See come forth.

Appearance, (look); náhgoozewin.

Appease. He a. him, pacifies him; o-gahgesoomaun, v. t. I. (p. c. guhyahg-).

Apple; n.a. meshémin, (pl. -ug). Apple peel; meshémin-okonaus. Ap. tree; meshemenáhtig, (pl. -oog). Dried apples; pahtá-meshemenug.

Appoint. He a. him to something; od-enáhkoonaun, v. t. I., (p. c. anah-).

Appreciate. See esteem.

Apprehension; n. i. sagándumowin.

Approach. He a.; nahsekáhga, v. n. 2, (p. c. nuhyahs-). He a. him; onáhsekuhwaun, v. t. II. He a. it; onáhsekaun, v. t. VII. We a. each other; kenáhsekodáhdemin, mod B.

Appropriate. He a. something; tebándumonédezo, mod. A.

Approve. He a. of it; ominwáhbundaun, v. t. VII. (p. c. manwahb-). He appr.; guhnuhbánjega, v. n. 2.

April; babooquadáhgiming keezis, (the snowshoe-breaking moon).

Apron; n. i. enáhpezoowin, (pl. -un).

Apt; netah. He is apt at -; netah-

Arch; n. i. wahgenoogún, (pl. -un).

Archbishop; n. a. nahgáhnezid keche-mahkuhdá-wekónuhya, (the leading big black-coat).

Archdeacon; n. a. keche-makuhdá-wekónuhyans, (the lesser big black-coat).

Archer. He is a good a.; wahwenáhka, v. n. 2, (p. c. wawen-). He is a poor a.; muhmahnáhka, v. n. 2, (p. c. mamah-).

Arctic regions; máquumekaug.

Arise! puhsegwéen! See rise.

Arithmetic; n. i. uhgindáussowin. He does a.; uhgindáuso, v. n. 4, (p. c. agin-).

Ark; n. i. Noah o-kechecheemaun.

Ark of the covenant; n. i. wahwéendumahgáwene-muhkuk.

Arm; n. i. onikuhmah. Right arm; kéchenik. Left arm; nuhmunjenik. My, thy, his arm; nenik, kenik, onik, (pl. -un). The other arm; nuhbuhnanik. He has arms; onikáh, v. n. I. He has a dead a.; nebóweneka, v. n. 2. He has hairy a.; mésheneka. He has large a.; muhmúngeneka: He has a long a.; genóneka. He has long arm; guhgahnóneka. One of his a. is longer than the other; nuhbuhnágonóneka. He has only one a.; nuhbunáneka. He has a short a.; túhkooneka. He has short arms; tuhtúhkooneka. One of his a. is shorter than the other; nuhbunátúhkooneka. He has a small a.; uhgáhseneka. He has small arms; uhbéweneka. He has a stiff a.; chehtáhkooneka. He has strong a.; mushkúhweneka. He has convulsions in his a.: chechébenekáshkah. He has pain in his a.; dáwineka. He has a scar on his a.; ojeshineka. He has cramps in his a.; ójenekápenego, v.n. 4. He stretches out his a.; shébenekáne, v. n. 3. He stretches out his a. thus; ézhenekáne. He breaks his a.; bókonekáshin, v. n. i. His a. is broken; bókoneka, v. n. He dislocates his a. falling; kootegó-nekáshin. His a. is dislocated; kootegónekátah, v. n. I. He draws back his a.; ójenekáne, v. n. 3. He feels his a.; o-kóojenekánaun, v. t. I. He lifts his a.; óombenekáne, v. n. 3. He makes him move his a.; onáungenekáshkuhwaun, v. t. II. He puts his whole a. in; nikenekane. He rubs his a. with medicine; osénegoonekábenaun. He shews forth his a.; sáhgenekáne. He sits with downhanging a.; shingenekábe. He takes him by the a.; osáhgenekánaun. He tires his a.; oduhyákoonekáwenaun. It tires his a.; oduhyákoonekawenegoon. His a. are cold; túhkeneka. His a. are warm; keézhoneka. His a. shakes; neningeneka. His a. is swollen; páhkeneka. His a. is pierced; shébunekázhegáuso. His a. is very tired; áhpechenekábe. His a. is wounded; máhkeneka, v. n. 2. He amputates his a.; okéeshkenekázhwaun, v. t. V. His a. is cut off; kéeshkeneka, v. n. 2.

[NOTE. - Both arms being affected is usually denoted by the reduplication of the first syllable (mod. E.), thus; He has a large a.; mungeneka. He has large arms; muhmungéneka. This rule answers for leg, foot, hand, ear, &c, in the same way.]

Armed. He is a.; úshweyo, v. n. 4, (p. c. ash-).

Armpit, n. i., his a.; o-ningwe.

Arms of a warrior; n. i. ushwéewin.

Army; p. n. a. shemáhgunishug waquéenoojig.

Around; kewetúhye-ëe.

Arrange, set in order. He a. it; o-kwúhyukootoon, v. t. VIII. (p. c. kway-). He fixes it well (a fence or wooden object); o-nuháhkoosedoon; v. t. VIII. (p. c. na-ah-). See fix, put in order.

Arrest. He a. him; o-tuhkoonaun, p. t. III. (p. e. tak-).

Arrive. He a. (by land); tuhgwishin, v. n. 6, (p. c. tagw-). He makes him a.; o-tuhgwishemaun, mod. D. It a.; tuhgwishinómuhgud, v. i. 8. He the night; nebáhoditúhöwa. He a. half-way; ahbetóosa. He a. running; puhgúmmebuhtóo, v. n. 4a. He a. passing by; péme-duhgwishin. He a. in due time; kasekáhga. He a. to him in due time; okásekuhwaun, v. t. II. He a. to him in good time; okasekoonaun. He a. too late; madahsekáhga, v. n. 2. He a. too late to him; omadáhsekuhwaun, v. t. II. He a. to the moment of seeing him, it; od-odesáhbumaun, od-odesáhbundaun, v. t. I., VII. (e. g. he is very glad to arrive to the moment of seeing New Year's Day again; keche minwandum odesáhbundung uhnuhmekoodahding). He a. at home; puhgummáhdeze, v. n. 3. He a. somewhere, (whether by land or water); puhgummishkah, v. n. 1.

Arrive, (by water). He a. by w.; mezhuhgáh, v. n. 1, (p. c. mazh-). He a. in the night by w.; nebáh-mezhuhgáh. He a. sailing; puhgummáushe, v. n. 3.

Arrive, (on the ice). He a. to shore walking on the i.; uhgwuhyáhdugúhko, v. n. 4, (p. c. agwuhy-).

Arrive, (by the wind). It a. driven by the w.; puhgummáhsin, v. i. 5.

Arrives, happens; puhgúmme-uhyáhmuhgud, kuhbasá. A season arrives; ójechesa, v. i. 2. It a. again; tebishkoosa, v. i. 2.

Arrogant. He is a.; kootáumegwánemo, v. n. 4, (p. c. kwat-).

Arrow; n. i. metegwúnwe, (pl. -n). Wooden a.; pekwuk, (pl. -oon). Long a.; kinwáukwunwe, (pl. -n). Iron-pointed a.; uhsuwáun, (pl. -ug). A. head; náhbowe-wunwe, (pl. -n).

Artery; n. i. keche-misquáyaub, (pl. -in).

Artful. See cunning.

As, (while); magwah. As, (like); tebishko. As well as, (besides); kuhya. As, thus; ezhe: e. g. as he is; ezhe-uhyaud, (p. c. azhe-). As long as; ménik, mágwah, ahpéech. As much as; menik. As much as I (you) can; apeechéeyaun, (-yun). As it were; nindego. As you please; pooch kuhya keen. As-as, thus: He is as tall as I; akóozeyaun uhkóoze, (lit. as I am tall he is tall).

Ascend, rise on high. He a.; óombishkah, v. n. 1, (p. c. wamb-). It a.; oombishkáh-muhgud, v. i. 8. See climb up.

Ascend a mountain. He a. a m.; uhmáhjewa, v. n. 2, (p. c. amah-); ogedahkewa. He a. a m. thus; enuhmáhjewa. He a. a m. running; uhmahjewábuhtoo, v. n. 4 a. He a. a m. carrying a load; uhmáhjewánega, v. n. 2.

Ascension; n. i. oombishkáhwin.

Ascertain. See find out.

As far as; peénish, nuhnáuzh.

Ash; n. a. áhgemauk, (pl. -wug).

Ash-Wednesday; pingwe-kezhegud.

Ashamed. He is a.; uhgújje, v. n. 3, (p. c. agaj-); manesándum, v. n. 5, (p. c. muhyan-). He is a. before him; od-uhgújjetuhwaun, v. t. II. He is a. of it; od-uhgájjetaun, v. t. VII. He is a. of him, it; od-uhguhtánemaun, v. t. I.; od-uhguhtándaun, v. t. VII. He is a. of himself; uhguhtánindezo, mod. A.

Ashamed (make). He makes him a.; od-uhgújjeäun, v. t. 1. It makes him a.; od-uhgújjeëgoon, v. t. I. (in. obj.) He makes him a. with his words, od-uhgáusoomaun, v. t. I.

Ashes; n. i. pingwe. On ashes; meche-pingwe. He puts ashes on him; opingwewenaun, v. t. I. (p. c. pangwe-); opingwuhwaun, v. t.II. He puts a. on himself; pingwuhodezo, mod. A. He has a. on his face; zhepingwingwa, v. n. 2; He falls down in a.; odáujepingwása.

Ash-colored, (it is); zhépingwagud, zhepingwágeze. He dye it a. c.; o-zhepingwuhdiswaun, o-zhepingwuhdissaun, v. t. V. VII. (p. c. zhahp-).

Ashore. See bring, draw.

Aside; opemaühyee, puhkaühyee. He stops aside; pahkagahbowe, v. n. 3, (p. c. pik-). He steps a. for him; opuhkágahbowétuhwaun, v. t. II.

Ask,-ask a question. He a. a qu.; kuhgwádwa, v. n. 2, (p. c. kagw-). He a. him a qu.; okuhgwájemaun, v. t. 1. We a. each other qu.; kekuhgwájindemin, mod. B.

Ask for something. He a. for s.; nundootumáhga, núndootum, v. n. 2, 5, (p. c. nand-). He a. him for s.; onúndootúmuhwaun, v. t. II.

Ask. See beg, beseech.

Asleep; puhwángwuy. He talks while. a.; puhwangwuy kékedo. He walks while asleep; puhwangwuy pémoosa. He is asleep, nebáh, v. n. 1, (p. c. nab-). He falls asleep; bishkoongwáushe, v. n. 3, (p. c. bashk-). He is always falling a., bahbishkoongwáushe.

As much, as many; tebishko menik.

Aspen-tree; n. a. uhsáhde, (pl. -g).

Ass; n. a. mamaungesha, (pl. -yug).

Assemble. See meet, summon, gather.

Assist. See help.

Assistant; p. n. a. wahdookáusood, (pl. jig).

Astonish. He a. him; omáhmuhkahdándumowaim, v. t. V. (p. c. muhyahm-). He looks astomshed; tuhtoongáube, v. n. 3.

Astonishing; mahmuhkáhdukummig. See wonderful.

Astray (go). He goes a. wúhneshin, v. n. 6. He causes him to go a.; owuhnéshemaun, v. t. I. He causes himself to go a.;. wuhnéshindezo, mod. A. (p. c. wan-).

Astringent; pásegwung mushkéke.

Astronomer; p. n. a. uhnungoon kakánemaud, (pl. -jig).

Assuredly; ahbedákummig.

Asylum; n. i. buhméëwa-wegummig. See support.

At; ng at the end of the word, (e. g. at church, uhnúhmeä-wegúmmigoong).

At all events, at any rate; pooch.

At his feet; azhezedábid. (My, thy; -eyaun, -eyun). See least.

At last, at length; kaguhpe.

At leisure. See leisure.

At once; sásekah, kásekah.

At random; puhgwuhnáh.

At that time; ewh uhpée.

At the top; ogijúhyeëe.

At the top of the hill; ogidáhke.

At the top of the house; ógidekúmmig.

Atheist. See pagan.

Atom; n. i. pewúhwuhgah.

Atonement; n. i. poonánemegoowin.

Attack. He a. him (insultingly); o-muhwenáwaun, v. t. V.

Attack. He a. him, (rushes upon him); omuhwenáhnaun, v. t. III. (p. c. mawe-). See rush.

Attendant (on an Indian chief); ooshkahbáwiss. See servant.

Attention; n. i. uhyáungwahmándumowin.

Attention (pay). He pays a.; uhyáungwahmándum, v. n. 5, (p. c. ayaung-); páhpahmándum, v. n. 5, (p. c. puhyahp-). He pays a. to him; od-uhyáungwahmánemaun, opahpahmánemaun, v. t. I. He pays a. to it; od-uhyáungwahmándaun, o-pahpahmándaun, v. t. VII. He pays attention to something relating to him; opahpahmándumuhwaun, v. t. II. He does not pay att. (his mind is distracted); pahbishquándum. He does not pay att. to him; opahbishkóotuhwaun, v. t. II. He is regarded with a.; pahpahmandáhgooze, v. n. 3. It is reg. with a.; pahpahmandáhgwud, v. i. 10.

Attract. See tempt.

Auction; n. i. pepáuguhtáundewin.

Audacious. See bold.

Auger; n. i. keche-pémenegun, (pl. -un).

Augur; n. a. aunwáhjegawenéne.

Augur. He a.; aunwáhjega, v. n. 2, (p. c. anw-).

Augury; n. i. aunwáhjegáwin.

August; n. a. meen-keeziss. (Bilberry moon).

Aunt; n. a. (father's sister), my a.; ninsegóos, (pl. -ug). (Mother's sister); ninooshá, (pl. -yug).

Authority; kushkeáwesewin. He has a.; kushkeáweze, v. n. 3.

Autumn; n. i. tuhgwáhge. During a.; tuhgwáhgig. Last a.; tuhgwáhgoong. A. before last; uhwúss tuhgwáhgoong. He spends the a. there; tuhgwáhgishe. He spends the a. with him; oweejtuhgwáhgishemaun, v. t. I. (p. c. tagw-).

Avarice; n. i. suhsáhgezewin.

Avaricious. He is a.; suhsáhgeze, v. n. 3.

Avenge a bad doing. He a. it on him; od-ahzhátebúhumuhwaun, v. t. II.

Avoid, shun. He a. him; omeduhgwátuhwaun, v. t. II.

Avow. He a. it; kwuhyukwáhjemo.

Await. He a. him; o-péeäun, v. 1.1. He a. it; o-péetoon, v. t. VIII. (p. c. pah-).

Awake. He a.; kooshkóoze, v. n. 3, (p. c. kwashk-); uhmáhjesa, v. n. 2, (p. c. amahj-). He a. starting up; kooshkoongwaúshe. He a. perfectly; ahbesingwaúshe. See wake.

Away! uhwúss!

Awful. It is a.; kootáumegwandáhgwud, v. i. 10, (p. c. kwat-).

Awhile; uhjinnuh.

Awkward. See stupid.

Awl; n. i. megóos, (pl. -un).

Axe; n. i. wahgáhkwud, (pl. -oon). Small a.; wahgáhkwudoons.

Aye? enuh? (e. g. you think I am hard to deal with, aye? kidenandum dush suhnuhgezeyaun, enuh?)

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