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Ojebway Language:

A Manual for missionaries
and others employed among the Ojebway Indians
by Edward F. Wilson, 1874

 

Examples of Paradigms.
Transitive Verb - Animate. Negative Form.
Paradigm I. -AUN.

INDICATIVE MOOD
Present Tense
  Me Thee Him His
I..not ... ke...esenoon ne...ahse ne...emahseen
thou ke...ese ... ke...ahse ke...emahseen
he ne...igoose ke...egoose o...ahseen o...ahseen
we (ex.) ... ke...egoose ne...ahsenaun ne...emahsenaun
we (in.) ... ... ke...ahsenaun ke...emahsenaun
you ke...eseem ... ke...ahsewah ke...emahsewaun
they ne...egoosig ke...egoosig o...ahsewaun o...ahsewaun
 
  Us ( excl.) Us (incl.) You Them
I..not ... ... ke..esenoonenim ne..ahsig
thou ke..esemin ... ... ke..ahsig
he ne..egoosenaun ke..egoosenaun ke..egoosewah o..ahseen
we (ex.) ... ... ke..egoseem ne..ahsenahnig
we (in.) ... ... ... ke..ahsenahnig
you ke..esemin ... ... ke..ahsewaug
they ne..egoosenahnig ke..egoosenahnig ke..egoosewaug o..ahsewaun
 
The word kahween must be placed before verbs.
 
Bun Tense
  Me Thee Him His
I did not ... ke..esenoonenahbun ne..ahsebun ne..emahsebuneen
thou ke...esenahbun ... ke..ahsebun ke..emahsebuneen
he ne...egoosebun ke..egoosebun o..ahsebuneen o..ahsebuneen
 
  Us ( excl.) Us (incl.) You Them
I did not ... ... ke..esenoonenimwahbun ne..ahsebuneeg
thou ke..eseminahbun ... ... ke..ahsebuneeg
he ne..egosenahbun ke..egosenahbun ke..egosewahbun o..ahsebuneen
 
The word kahween must be placed before verbs.
 

CONDITIONAL MOOD
Present Tense
  Me Thee Him His
I would not ... kedah..esenoon nindah..ahse nindah..emahseen
thou kedah..ese ... kedah..ahse kedah..emahseen
he nindah..egoose kedah..egoose odah..ahseen odah..ahseen
 
  Us ( excl.) Us (incl.) You Them
I would not ... ... kedah..esenoonenim nindah..ahsig
thou kedah..esemin ... ... kedah..ahsig
he nindah..egoosenaun kedah..egoosenaun kedah..egoosewah odah..hseen
 
The word kahween must be placed before verbs.
 

IMPERATIVE MOOD
  Me Thee Him His
...do not kago..eshekan ... kago..ahkan kago..emahkan
let him not ... ... kago ogah..ahseen kago ogah..ahseen
let us not ... ... kago..ahsedah kago ..emahsedah
..ye not kago..eshekagoon ... kago..ahkagoon kago..emahkagoon
let them not ... ... kago ogah..ahsewaun kago ogah..ahsewaun
 
  Us ( excl.) Us (incl.) You Them
...do not kago ..eshekaunkan ... ... kago..ahkan
let him not ... ... ... kago ogah..ahseen
let us not ... ... ... kago ..ahsedahnig
..ye not kago ..eshekaunkan ... ... kago..ahkagoon
let them not ... ... ... kago ogah..ahsewaun
 

Inanimate object
  Me Thee Him His
it ne..egooseen ke..egooseen o..egooseen o..egooseen
they ne..egoosenun ke..egoosenun o..egoosenun o..egoosenun
 
  Us ( excl.) Us (incl.) You Them
it ne..egoosemin ke..egoosemin ke..egoosenahwah o..egoosenahwah
they ne..egoosemin ke..egoosemin ke..egoosenahwaun o..egoosenahwaun
 
The word kahween must be placed before verbs.
 

SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD
Present Tense
  Me Thee Him His
if I..not ... ..esenoowaun ..ahsewug ..emahsewug
if thou ..esewun ... ..ahsewud ..emahsewud
if he ..esig ..esenoog ..ahsig ..aahsig
if his ..esenig ..esenoog ..ahsenig ..ahsenig
if they ..esigwah ..esenoogwah ..ahsigwah ..ahsigwah
 
  Us ( excl.) Us (incl.) You Them
if I..not ... ... ..esenoonenuhgoog ..ahsewugwah
if thou ..esewaung ... ... ..ahsewudwah
if he ..esewungid ..esenoowung ..esenoowag ..ahsig
if his ..esewungid ..esenoowung ..esenowag ..ahsenig
if they ..esewungidwah ..esenoowungwah ..esenoowagwah ..ahsigwah
 

PARTICIPLE
Present Tense
  Me Thee Him His
I who..not ... ..esenoowaun ..ahsewug ..emahsewug
thou ..esewun ... ..ahsewud ..emahsewud
he ..esig ..esenoog ..ahsig ..ahsig
his ..esemig ..esenoog ..ahsenig ..ahsenig
we (excl.) ... .egosewun ..ahsewungid ..emahsewungid
we (incl.) ... ... ..ahsewung ..emahsewung
you ..esewag ... ..ahsewag ..emahsewag
they ..esegoog ..senookig ..ahsegoog ..ahsegoog
 
  Us ( excl.) Us (incl.) You Them
I who..not ... ... ..esenoonenuhgoog ..ahsewugig
thou ..esewung ... ... ..ahsewudjig
he ..esewungid ..esenoowung ..esenoowag ..ahsig
his ..esewungid ..esenoowung ..esenoowag ..ahsenig
we (excl.) ... ... ..egoosewag ..ahsewungejig
we (incl.) ... ... ... ..ahsewungoog
you ..esewaung ... ... ..ahsewagoog
they ..esewugejig ..esenoowungoog ..esenoowagoog ..ahsegoog
 

Bun Tense
  Me Thee Him His
I who had ... ..esenoowaunbaun ..ahsewugibun ..emahsewugibun
thou ..esewaunbun ... ..ahsewudibun ..emahsewudebun
he ..esigobun ..esenoogebun. ..ahsigobun ..emahsigobun
they ..esigobuneeg ..esenoogebuneeg ..ahsigobuneeg ..emahsigobuneeg
 
  Us ( excl.) Us (incl.) You Them
I who had ... ... ..esenoonenuhgoogobun ..ahsewugibuneeg
thou ..esewaungebun ... ... ..ahsewudibuneeg
he ..esewungedebun ..esenowungoobun ..esenoowagoobun ..ahsigobun
they ..esewungedebuneeg ..esenowungoobuneeg ..esenoowgoobuneeg ..ahsigobuneeg
 

PERIODICAL SUBJUNCTIVE
  Me Thee Him His
whenever I ... ..esenoowaunin ..ahsewugin ..emahsewugin
whenever thou ..esewunin ... ..ahsewudin ..emahsewudin
whenever he ..esegoon ..esenoogin ..ahsegoon ..ahsegoon
 
  Us ( excl.) Us (incl.) You Them
whenever I ... ... ..esenoonenuhgoogin ..ahsewugwahnin
whenever thou ..esewaungin ... ... ..ahsewudwahnin
whenever he ..esewungejin ..esewungoon ..esenoowagoon ..ahsegoon
 

Examples: -

He does not remember me, kahween nemequanemegoose;
I have not seen thou, kahween kegewahbumesenoon;
Do not hate him, kago sheenganemahkan;
If I do not see you, kishpin wahbumesenoonenuhgoog.

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