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Ojebway Language:

A Manual for missionaries
and others employed among the Ojebway Indians
by Edward F. Wilson, 1874

 

The Dubitative.

Indicative
Participle

 

The Dubitative.

INDICATIVE
Positive Negative
Present
Nind-ezháhmedoog, I go (?) Kahween nind-ezháhsemedoog, I go not (?)
Kid-ezháhmedoog, thou goes, Kahween kid-ezháhsemedoog, thou goest not
ezháhwedoog, he goes, Kahween ezháhsewedoog, he goes not
ezháhwedooganun, his goes, Kahween ezháhsewedoogánun, his goes not
ezháumedoog, one goes, Kahween ezháhsimedoog, one goes not
Nind-ezháumenáhdoog, we (ex.) go, Kahween nind-ezháhsemenáhdoog, we (ex.) go not
Kid-ezháumenáhdoog, we (in.) go, Kahween kid-ezháhsemenáhdoog, we (in.) go not
Kid-ezháumwáhdoog, you go, Kahween kid-ezháhsemwáhdoog, they go not
ezháhwedoogánug, they go, Kahween ezháhsewedoogánug,
 
Perfect.
Ninge-ëzhahmedoog, I went (?) Kahween ninge-ëzhahsemedoog, I went not.
 
Future.
Ningah-ezhahmedoog, I shall go (?) Kahween ningah-ezhahsemedoog, I shall not go.
 
Bun Tense.
Ezháhwaunbáun, I did go, Kahween ezhahsewáunbáun, I did not go (?)
Ezháhwunbun, thou didst go, Kahween ezháhsewúnbun, thou did not go.
Ezháhgoobun, he did go, Kahween ezháhsegoobun, he did not go.
Ezháhnegoobun, his did go, Kahween ezháhsenégoobun, his did not go.
Ezháungebun, one did go, Kahween ezháhsingebun, one did not go.
Ezhahwáungebun, we did go, Kahween ezháhsewáungebun, we did not go.
Ezhahwúngoobun, we did go, Kahween ezháhsewúngoobun, we did not go.
Ezhahwágoobun, you did go, Kahween ezháhsewágoobun, you did not go.
Ezhahgwáhbun, they did go, Kahween ezháhsegwáhbun, they did not go.

Note. - In the 3rd and 4th Paradigms, the end vowels e and o precede the dubitative termination,
thus: Nindekedomedoog, I say (?) Nepoosemedoog, I embark (?) The sign (?) is merely used to imply doubtfulness.

PARTICIPLE.
Positive Negative
Present.
Azháhwaunan, I who (?) go, Azháhsewáunan I who go not (?)
Azháhwunan, thou who goest, Azháhsewunan, thou who goest not.
Azháhgwan, he who goes, Azháhsegwan, he who goes not.
Azháhnegwan, him (or them) who goes, Azháhsenegwan, him (or them) who goes not.
Azháungwan, one who goes, Azháhsingwan, one who goes not.
Azháhwaungan, we (ex.) who go, Azháhsewáungan, we (ex.) who go not.
Azháhwungan, we (in.) who go, Azháhsewungan, we (in.) who go not.
Azháhwagwan, you who go, Azháhsewágwan, you who go not.
Azhahwánug they who go, Azháhsegwanug, they who go not.
 
Perfect.
Kah-ezháhwaunan I who went (?), Kah-ezhásewaunan, I who (?) went not.
 
Future.
Ka-ezháhwaunan, I who (?) shall go, Ka-ezháhsewaunan, I who (?) shall not go.
 
Bun Tense.
Azhahwáunbaunan, I who (?) did go, Azháhsewáunbaunan, I who did not go.
Azháhwunbunan, you who didst go, Azháhsewúnbunan, you who didst not go.
Azháhgobunan, he who did go, Azháhsegobunan, he who did not go.
Azháhnegobunan, him who did go, Azháhsenégobunan, him who did not go.
Azháungebunan, one who did go, Azháhsingebunan, one who did not go.
Azhahyáungebunan, we (ex.) who did go, Azhahsewáungebunan, we (ex.) who did not go.
Azhahyúngobunan, we (in.) who did go, Azhahsewúngobunan, we (in.) who did not go.
Azhahyágobunan, you who did go, Azhahsewágobunan, you who did not go.
Azháhgobunánug, they who did go, Azháhsegobunánug, they who did not go.

Note. - The pluperfect is formed from the bun tense by prefixing kah-.

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