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Ojebway Language:

A Manual for missionaries
and others employed among the Ojebway Indians
by Edward F. Wilson, 1874


The Verb

The Neuter Verb
The Negative
The Dubitative
The Formation of the Participle
A List of Verbs of each Paradigm
A Comperaive Table, shewing the inflection of all six Paradigms
The Verb ezhah, he goes, inflected throughout
Modifications of the Neuter Verb
The Dubitative. (Neuter.)
General Exercises on the Neuter Verb


A Comparative Table,
Showing the Inflection (partial) of all six Paradigms.

  Par. 1. -AH Par. 2. -A Par.3. -E (reg.)
  Sleep Walk Embark
Indicative. Present
I sleep, &c., &c. ne-nebáh ne-pemoosá nin-poos
Thou ke-nebáh ke-pemoosa ke-poos
He nebáh pemoosa poose
One nabaum pemoosam poosim
We (excl.) ne-nebáhmin ne-pemoosamin ne-poosemin
You ke-nebáum ke-pemoosam ke-poosim
They nebáhwug pemoosawug poosewug
Bun Tense
I used to sleep, &c. ne-nebahnahbun ne-pemoosanahbun nin-poosenahbun
Sleep, &c., thou nebaun pemoosan poosin
Let him sleep, &c. tah-nebah tah-pemoosa tah-poose
Let us nebahdah pemoosadah poosedah
Sleep, &c., ye nebaug pemoosag poosik
I who sleep, &c. nabahyáun pamooseyáun pwahseyáun
Thou who nabáyun pamoosáyun pwáhseyun
He who nabaud pamoosad pwahsid
We who (excl.) nabáhyaung pamoosáyaung pwáhseyaung
You who nabahyag pamoosayag pwahseyag
They who nabahjig pamoosajig pwahsejig
Him or them who nabahnejin pamoosanejin pwahsenejin

  Par. 3. -E (irreg.) Par. 4. -O (reg.) Par.5. -UM. Par.6. -IN.
  Work Say Think Fall
Indicative. Present
I work, &c., &c. nind-uhnóoke nind-ekíd nind-enandum ne-pungéshin
Thou kid-uhnooke kid-ekid kid-enándum ke-pungéshin
He uhnooke ekedó enandum pungéshin
One uhnookim ekedoom enandaum pungeshenim
We (excl.) nind-uhnookemin nind-ekidomin nnd-enandumin ne-pungeshenemin
You kid-uhnookim kid-ekedoom kid-enandaum ke-pungeshenim
They uhnóokewug ekédowug enándumoog pungéshenoog
Bun Tense
I used to work, &c. nind-uhnookenahbun nind-ekedonahbun nind-enándahnáhbun ne-pungéshenenáhbun
Work, &c., thou uhnookin ekedun enandun pungeshinin
Let him work, &c. tah-uhnooke tah-ekedo tah-enandum tah-pungeshin
Let us uhnookedah ekedodah enandundah pungeshindah
Sleep, &c., ye uhnookeeg ekedoog enandumook pungeshenook
I who work, &c. anookeeyáun akedoyáun anándumáun pangeshenáun
Thou who anookéeyun akedóyun anándumun pangéshenun
He who anookeed akedood anandung pangeshing
We who (excl.) anookéeyaung akedóyaung anándumaung pangeshenáung
You who anookeeyag akedoyag anandumag pangeshenág
They who anookeejig akedojig anandungig pangeshíngig
Him or them who anookeenejin akedonejin anandumenejin pangeshínenejin

Note. - Paradigms -e and -o, irregular, do not drop thair final in the first and second person singular. In all other respects they are conjugated the same as -e and -o regular. Verbs of the sixth paradigm in -oon are conjugated precisely the same as those in -in. Thus the imperative of osaumedoon is osaumedoonin, and the participle wasaumedoong.

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