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Ojebway Language:

A Manual for missionaries
and others employed among the Ojebway Indians
by Edward F. Wilson, 1874


The Verb

The Neuter Verb
The Negative
The Dubitative
The Formation of the Participle
A List of Verbs of each Paradigm
A Comperaive Table, shewing the inflection of all six Paradigms
The Verb ezhah, he goes, inflected throughout
Modifications of the Neuter Verb
The Dubitative. (Neuter.)
General Exercises on the Neuter Verb


The Formation of the Participle

The third person singular, present, of the participle, is formed from the third person singular, present, of the indicative mood, by two changes. The first syllable of the verb is changed by the rule now to be given, and the last syllable is changed according to the paradigm.

Note. - That the rule here given for the change of the first syllable answers for all classes of verbs, whether neuter, transitive, or impersonal.

Indicative English Participle English Last
áh to uhyah máhjah he starts muhyáhjaud he who starts  
a to uhya dábwa he speaks truth duhyábwad he who speaks truth  
ăh, ŭh to a tuhgwíshin he arrives tágwishing he who arrives  
é, ée, í to ah peëzhah he comes páhëzhaud he who comes  
ĕ, ĭ, to a enándum he thinks anándung he who thinks  
ó, óo to wah poose he embarks pwáhsid he who embarks  
ŏ, ŏo to wa gootáuje he fears gwatáujid he who fears ah to aud
  nebah he sleeps nabaud he who sleeps a to ad
  chebáhqua he cooks chabáhquad he who cooks e to id
  ságeze he fears suhyágezid he who fears o to ood
  ekedó he says ákedood he who says um to ung
  pungeshin he falls pángeshing he who falls in to ing

Note. - The third person of the participle, like the noun, has a second third person. Thus: muhyáhjaud, he who starts (or muhyahjáhjig pl.) changes to muhyahjáhnejin; pwáhsid to pwáhsenejin. This form is used in such a sentence as, He sees an idler (one who idles), owáhbumaun katemishkénejin.

Note also, that a few verbs beginning with d, form their participle by prefixing an-. Thus: dah, he dwells, andaud, where he dwells.

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