<html> <head> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=windows-1251"> <title>=8H8=01M<>28= - A?>;L7>20=85 ?>4G8=8B5;L=KE 3;03>;>2</title> <LINK REL=STYLESHEET TYPE="text/css" HREF=index.css> <style> a {color: #996600; text-decoration: none; font-weight:bold;} a:hover {color: 008000; text-decoration: none} </style> </head> <body topmargin="0px" bgcolor="#1f94e3"><font face="Verdana"> <table border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center background="header_1.gif" width=700> <tr><td height=100><center>&nbsp;</td></tr> <tr><td height=3></td></tr> <tr><td height=2 align=right bgcolor=#008000></td></tr> <tr><td height=14 align=right><font size=2 color=#6e6e6e><b><a href="index.html">><>9</a> / <a href="grammar.html">@0<<0B8:0</a> / <a href="dicts.html">!;>20@8</a> / <a href="lessons.html">#@>:8</a> / <a href="materials.html">0B5@80;K</a> / <a href=studies.html>=450=8AB8:0</a> / <a href="links.html">!AK;:8</a></b>&nbsp;</td></tr> <tr><td height=7 bgcolor=008000></td></tr> <tr><td padding=20 bgcolor=ffffff><p>&nbsp;</p><center><b><p class=title>A?>;L7>20=85 <br>?>4G8=8B5;L=KE 3;03>;>2</b></center></p> <blockquote><font size="2"> <p class=subtitle>(?5@52>4 87 "#G51=>3> ?;0=0 ?> 8=459A:8< O7K:0< :@8 8 >468125 <br>4;O 1-12 :;0AA>2" 8=8AB5@AB20 >1@07>20=8O =B0@8>)</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>... =5:>B>@KE 20@80=B0E >468125 ?>4G8=8B5;L=K5 3;03>;K <>3CB ?>O2;OBLAO 2 2845 ?@8G0AB89.  MB>9 D>@<5 ACDD8:AK AC1J5:B0 8 >1J5:B0 <>3CB >B;8G0BLAO >B B5E, GB> >1KG=> 8A?>;L7CNBAO 2 ?>4G8=8B5;L=>< AB@>5. <p>5:>B>@K5 :>=AB@C:F88, 2:;NG0O ?@8G0AB8O 2 >468125, 8A?>;L7CNB 87<5=5==K9 ?>4G8=8B5;L=K9 AB@>9, 2 :>B>@>< 3;0A=0O 2 ?5@2>< A;>35 3;03>;0 (>=0 <>65B 1KBL 2 >A=>25 3;03>;0 8;8 2 ?@5D8:A5 8;8 ?@525@15), 87<5=O5BAO A>3;0A=> ?@028;C. >=AB@C:F88, :>B>@K5 B@51CNB 87<5==>3> ?>4G8=8B5;L=>3> AB@>O 8 >1J5< 87<5=89 53> <5E0=87<0 B0:65 =07K205<>3> ?@>F5AA A<5=K =0G0;L=>9 3;0A=>9, 20@L8@CNB >B 480;5:B0 : 480;5:BC. <p>&nbsp;</p> <p class=header2>07>2>5 AB@>5=85 3;03>;0 2 ?>4G8=8B5;L=>< AB@>5:</p> <table width=600 border=1 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0> <tr> <td align=center>A<5=0 =0G0;L=>9 3;0A=>9 <br><i>8;8</i> <br>?>4G8=8B5;L=K9 ?@5D8:A</td> <td align=center>2@5<5==>9 ?@5D8:A</td> <td align=center>>A=>20 3;03>;0</td> <td align=center>?>4G8=8B5;L=K9 <br>ACDD8:A</td> </tr></table> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p class=header2>A?>;L7>20=85 ?>4G8=8B5;L=KE 3;03>;>2 <p>'0I5 2A53> ?>4G8=8B5;L=K5 3;03>;K 2AB@5G0NBAO 2 A>45@60B5;L=KE 2>?@>A0E (content questions), ?>A;5 ?@548:0B0 (predicator) 8 2 7028A8<KE ?@54;>65=8OE ?@54;>65=8OE, 2:;NG0O >1AB>OB5;LAB25==K5 (0425@180;L=K5) ?@840B>G=K5 ?@54;>65=8O (adverbial clauses), 87JOA=8B5;L=K5 ?@840B>G=K5 ?@54;>65=8O (verb complement clauses) 8 >?@545;8B5;L=K5 ?@840B>G=K5 ?@54;>65=8O (relative clauses). <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><b>1. !>45@60B5;L=K5 2>?@>AK (content questions).</b> !>45@60B5;L=K5 2>?@>AK, 8;8 2>?@>AK, =0G8=0NI85AO A B0:8E A;>2, :0: ":B>", "345", 8;8 "GB>" >1KG=> B@51CNB 3;03>;0 2 ?>4G8=8B5;L=>< AB@>5. @8<5@K 2 MB>< @0745;5 8;;NAB@8@CNB 3;02=K5 B8?K A>45@60B5;L=KE 2>?@>A>2. <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><i>1.1. >?@>AK A 2>?@>A8B5;L=K< <5AB>8<5=85<.</i>  MB>< B8?5 2>?@>A>2 ACI5AB28B5;L=0O D@070, ?@54AB02;O5<0O 2>?@>A8B5;L=K< <5AB>8<5=85<, O2;O5BAO F5=B@0;L=>9 2 2>?@>A5 (focus of the question). <blockquote> <p><i>&5=B@. >468125:</i> <b>Wenesh [gaa-waabmik].</b> - >3> BK 2845;? <br><i>0?04. >468125:</i> <b>Awenenan [gaa-mawadisaad] aakoziiwigamigong.</b> - >3> BK ?>A5I0; 2 1>;L=8F5? </blockquote> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><i>1.2. >?@>AK A 2>?@>A8B5;L=K<8 =0@5G8O<8.</i>  MB>< B8?5 2>?@>A>2 2>?@>A8B5;L=> =0@5G85 A2O70=> A ?>4G8=8B5;L=K< 3;03>;><, GB>1K 7040BL 2>?@>A > <5AB>?>;>65=88, 2@5<5=8 8;8 ?@8@>45 459AB28O 8;8 A>1KB8O. ;03>; G0AB> A>45@68B >B=>A8B5;L=K9 :>@5=L 8;8 ?@5D8:A. <blockquote> <p><i>&5=B@. >468125:</i> <b>Aabiish [ezhaayin].</b> - C40 BK 845HL? <br><i>0?04. >468125:</i> <b>Aan [enakamigak] agwajiing.</b> - 'B> ?@>8AE>48B =0 C;8F5? (4>A;.: :0: 459AB285 ?@>A8E>48B =0 C;8F5?) </blockquote> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><i>1.3. >?@>AK A 2>?@>A8B5;L=K<8 A;>20<8 > ?@8G8=5.</i>  MB>< B8?5 2>?@>A>2 2>?@>A8B5;L=>5 A;>2> A2O70=> A 3;03>;L=K< ?@5D8:A>< 8;8 :>@=5<, GB>1K 7040BL 2>?@>A > ?@8G8=5 459AB28O 8;8 A>1KB8O. <blockquote> <p><i>&5=B@. >468125:</i> <b>Aaniish [gaa-nji-gnoonind].</b> - >G5<C >=8 A =8< 3>2>@8;8? <br><i>0?04. >468125:</i> <b>Wegonen [wenji-inishiyin].</b> - >G5<C 2K 3>2>@8B5 MB> <=5? </blockquote> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><b>2. !><=8B5;L=K5 CB25@645=8O.</b>  >468125 A><=8B5;L=K5 CB25@645=8O, =0G8=0NI85AO A> A;>2, 2K@060NI8E A><=5=85 - 2K@065=89, :>B>@K9 2K@060NB A><=5=85 8;8 =5C25@5==>ABL > ;8G=>AB8 8;8 <5AB>?>;>65=88 G5;>25:0 8;8 25I8, <5AB>?>;>65=88 8;8 2@5<5=8 A>1KB8O 8 B.4. - B@51CNB 3;03>;0 2 ?>4G8=8B5;L=>< AB@>5. >4G8=8B5;L=K9 3;03>; 2 MB8< B8?5 CB25@645=89 >1KG=> AB>8B 2 A><=8B5;L=>< =0:;>=5=88. <p><i>2.1. !><=8B5;L=K5 CB25@645=8O, 8A?>;L7CNI85 A><=8B5;L=K5 <5AB>8<5=8O.</i>  MB>< B8?5 CB25@645=89 ?>4G8=8B5;L=K9 3;03>; A2O70= A A><=8B5;L=K< <5AB>8<5=85<, GB>1K 2K@078BL A><=5=85 8;8 =5C25@5==>ABL 2 ;8G=>AB8 G5;>25:0 8;8 25I8. <blockquote> <p><i>&5=B@. >468125:</i> <b>Wegwen maa [gaa-bi-zhaagwenh].</b> - / =5 7=0N, :B> ?@8H5; AN40. <br><i>0?04. >468125:</i> <b>Awegwen [gaa-gidamwaagwen] nimbakwezhiganiman.</b> - / =5 7=0N, :B> AJ5; <>N ;5?5H:C. </blockquote> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><i>2.2. !><=8B5;L=K5 CB25@645=8O, 8A?>;L7CNI85 A><=8B5;L=K5 =0@5G8O.</i>  MB>< B8?5 CB25@645=89 ?>4G8=8B5;L=K9 3;03>; A2O70= A A><=8B5;L=K< =0@5G85<, GB>1K 2K@078BL A><=5=85 8;8 =5C2@5==>ABL ?> ?>2>4C <5AB0, 2@5<5=8 8;8 A?>A>10. <blockquote> <p><i>&5=B@. >468125:</i> <b>Dbi iidig [tegwenh] niwiiwkwaan.</b> - / =5 7=0N, 345 <>O H0?:0. <br><i>0?04. >468125:</i> <b>Amanj [enendamogwen] noongom nimaamaa.</b> - / =5 7=0N, GB> 4C<05B <>O <0<0. (4>A;.: :0: 4C<05B <>O <0<0) </blockquote> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><b>3. 028A8<K5 ?@54;>65=8O A ?@548:0B><.</b> ;03>;K, 8A?>;L7C5<K5 2 ?@54;>65=8OE, =0G8=0NI8EAO A ?@548:0B0, >1KG=> AB>OB 2 ?>4G8=8B5;L=>< AB@>5. <p><i>3.1. @54;>65=8O A F5=B@0;L=K< A;>2>< (focus word).</i>  >468125 3;023>; 2 ?@54;>65=88, =0G8=0NI5<AO A F5=B@0;L=>3> A;>20, AB028BAO 2 ?>4G8=8B5;L=K9 AB@>9, 70 8A:;NG5=85< A;CG052, :>340 ?@8ACBAB2C5B =530B82=0O G0AB8F0. <blockquote> <p><i>&5=B@. >468125:</i> <b>Mii wiya [gaa-kidod].</b> - >B GB> :B>-B> A:070;. <br><i>0?04. >468125:</i> <b>Amii [e-gichi-anokiid] enaak John.</b> - -B> ?5@2K9 @07, :>340 6>= CA5@4=> B@C48BAO. </blockquote> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><i>3.2. @54;>65=8O A 4@C38<8 ?@548:0B0<8.</i> 5:>B>@K5 4@C385 G0AB8FK <>3CB A;C68BL ?@548:0B0<8 8 ?@5420@OBL ?@54;>65=85 A ?>4G8=8B5;L=K< AB@>5<. <blockquote> <p><i>&5=B@. >468125:</i> <b>Pane [gaa-ni-maajaad].</b> -  =0:>=5F >= CH5;. <br><i>0?04. >468125:</i> <b>Booch igo [gaa-izhi-odaapinang].</b> -  2A5 65 >= ?>H5; 8 ?>4=O; MB>. </blockquote> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><b>4. 7JOA=8B5;L=K5 ?@840B>G=K5 ?@54;>65=8O.</b> 5:>B>@K5 3;03>;K, >A>15==> 3;03>;K >?8AK20NI85 <KH;5=85 8 GC2AB20, <>3CB 1KBL 4>?>;=5=K ?@54;>65=85<, A>45@60I8< ?>4G8=8B5;L=K9 3;03>;. <blockquote> <p><i>&5=B@. >468125:</i> <b>Nzegiz wii-[niiskaadak].</b> - / 1>NAL, GB> 1C45B 1C@O. <br><i>0?04. >468125:</i> <b>Ningikenimaag [e-aakoziwaad].</b> - / 7=0N, GB> >=8 1>;L=K. </blockquote> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><b>5. 1AB>OB5;LAB25==K5 (0425@180;L=K5) ?@840B>G=K5 ?@54;>65=8O.</b> 5:>B>@K5 ?>4G8=5==K5 ?@54;>65=8O 83@0NB @>;L =0@5G89, >?@545;OO 2@5<O, <5AB> 8;8 A?>A>1. <p><i>5.1. 1AB>OB5;LAB25==K5 ?@54;>65=8O 2@5<5=8.</i> 1AB>OB5;LAB25==K5 ?@54;>65=8O 2@5<5=82K?>;=ONB @>;L =0@5G89 2@5<5=8, >3@0=8G820O 459AB285 2 3;02=>< ?@54;>65=88 A?5F8D8G5A:8< ?5@8>4>< 8;8 <><5=B>< 2@5<5=8. <blockquote> <p><i>&5=B@. >468125:</i> <b>[Megwaa nbaayaanh], gii-bi-dgoshin.</b> - =0 ?@85E0;0, ?>:0 O A?0;. <br><i>0?04. >468125:</i> <b>Gego zaaga'angen [jibwaa-dagoshinaan].</b> - 5 2KE>48, ?>:0 O =5 ?@854C. </blockquote> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><i>5.2. 1AB>OB5;LAB25==K5 ?@54;>65=8O <5AB0.</i> 1AB>OB5;LAB25==K5 ?@54;>65=8O <5AB0, B0:65 =07K205<K5 ;>:0B82=K<8 ?@54;>65=8O<8, 2K?>;=ONB DC=:F8N =0@5G89 <5AB0 8;8 ;>:0B82=KE ACI5AB28B5;L=KE. ;03>; <>65B ?@5420@OBLAO 2@5<5==K< 8;8 ?>4G8=8B5;L=K< ?@5D8:A>< 8 >1KG=> A>45@68B >B=>A8B5;L=K9 :>@5=L.  ?@8<5@0E =865 2K45;5=K ?@54;>65=8O <5AB0. <blockquote> <p><i>&5=B@. >468125:</i> <b>[Enji-nbaayaanh kwa] gii-te wi.</b> - -B> =0E>48BAO B0<, [345 O A?;N]. <br><i>0?04. >468125:</i> <b>[Gaa-izhi-daad] nindizhaa.</b> - / 84C : =5<C 4><>9 (4>A;.: O 84C [345 >= 6825B]) </blockquote> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><i>5.3. 1AB>OB5;LAB25==K5 ?@54;>65=8O CA;>289.</i> 1AB>OB5;LAB25==K5 ?@54;>65=8O CA;>289 2K@060NB CA;>285, :>B>@>5 >3@0=8G8205B 459AB285 3;03>;0 3;02=>3> ?@54;>65=8O. @54;>65=8O CA;>289 G0AB> 2AB@5G0NBAO A A>N7>< giishpin (5A;8), 8 2 :@8 >1KG=> B@51CNB A>A;030B5;L=>3> =0:;>=5=8O.  ?@8<5@0E =865 2K45;5=K ?@54;>65=8O CA;>289. <blockquote> <p><i>&5=B@. >468125:</i> <b>[Giishpin nendman], mii go oodi ge-zhaaying.</b> - A;8 1K A>3;0A5=, <K ?>945< BC40. <br><i>0?04. >468125:</i> <b>[Waabamagiban], nindaa-gii-giiwe-diba'amawaa.</b> - A;8 1K O C2845; 53>, O 1K >B?;0B8; 5<C. </blockquote> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><i>5.4. 1AB>OB5;LAB25==K5 ?@54;>65=8O F5;8.</i> 1AB>OB5;LAB25==K5 ?@54;>65=8O F5;8 8;8 @57C;LB0B0 >?8AK20NB F5;L 8;8 8B>3 459AB28O 3;02=>3> ?@54;>65=8O. @54;>65=8O F5;8 >1KG=> A>45@60B ?>4G8=8B5;L=K9 ?@525@1 1C4CI53> 2@5<5=8.  ?@8<5@0E =865 2K45;5=K ?@54;>65=8O F5;8. <blockquote> <p><i>&5=B@. >468125:</i> <b>Weweni wiisnn ji-mno-bmaadziyan.</b> - HL :0: A;54C5B, [GB>1K 1KBL 74>@>2K<]. <br><i>0?04. >468125:</i> <b>Niwii-gagwejimaa awiya ji-ozhibii'iged.</b> - / E>GC ?>?@>A8BL :>3>-B>, [GB>1K 70?8A0BL]. </blockquote> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><b>6. ?@545;8B5;L=K5 ?@840B>G=K5 ?@54;>65=8O.</b> ?@545;8B5;L=K5 ?@840B>G=K5 ?@54;>65=8O >?@545;ONB ACI5AB28B5;L=K5 (>=8 >?8AK20NB 8;8 3>2>@OB GB>-;8L1> > ACI5AB28B5;L=><, :>B>@>5 >?@545;ONB) 8;8 A0<8 DC=:F8>=8@CNB :0: ACI5AB28B5;L=K5 D@07K. > <=>38E 20@80=B0E >468125 3;03>; 2 >?@545;8B5;L=>< ?@54;>65=88 ?@5420@O5BAO ?>4G8=8B5;L=K< ?@5D8:A>< gaa-.  =5:>B>@KE 20@80=B0E >468125 3;03>; 2 >?@545;8B5;L=>< ?@54;>65=88 O2;O5BAO ?@8G0AB85<..  ?5@2>9 ?0@5 ?@8<5@>2 2=87C >?@545;8B5;L=K5 ?@54;>65=8O >?@545;ONB ACI5AB28B5;L=K5, 0 2> 2B>@>9 A;C60B ACI5AB28B5;L=K<8 D@070<8.  >1>8E ?0@0E >?@545;8B5;L=K5 ?@54;>65=8O 2K45;5=K. <blockquote> <p><i>&5=B@. >468125:</i> <b>Biidoon wi [mechaag] mzin'igan.</b> - @8=5A8 [BC 1>;LHCN] :=83C. <br><i>0?04. >468125:</i> <b>Awe sa bineshiinzh [gabenaagosh gaa-noondaagozid] gii-maajiise.</b> - B8F0, :>B>@0O :@8G0;0 25AL 45=L, C;5B5;0. <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><i>&5=B@. >468125:</i> <b>Nwii-shamaag [nyaadmaagejig].</b> - / ?>:>@<;N [?><>302H8E]. <br><i>0?04. >468125:</i> <b>[Anishinaabemowin gaa-anokaadamaang] miziwe nindoonjimin.</b> - "5 87 =0A, [:B> @01>B0; A 8=459A:8< O7K:><], ?@81K;8 >B>2AN4C. </blockquote> <hr> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p class=center><a href="#top">[=025@E]</a></p> <p>&nbsp</p> </td></tr> <tr><td height=2 align=right bgcolor=#6e6e6e></td></tr> <tr><td align=right height=14 bgcolor=#FFFFFF><font size=2>&#169; 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