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Lesson 8 -
Questions and Statements of Fact


Wegonen owe? - What is this?
Wegonen iwe? - What is that?
Wegonen iwedi? - What is that over there?
Awenen wa'a? - Who is this?
Awenen awe? - Who is that?
Awenen awedi? - Who is that over there?
Waaka'igan iwe - That is a house.
Jiimaan iwe - That is a boat.
Nibi iwe - That is water.
Ishgode owe - This is fire.
Mazina'igan iwe - That is a book.
Adoopowin owe - This is a table.
Desabiwin owe - This is a chair.
Desabiwin iwedi - That is a chair over there.
Inini wa'a - This is a man.
Inini awe - That is a man.
Inini awedi - that is a man over there.
Ikwe awe - That is a woman.
Mitig awe - That is a tree.
Giizis awe - That is the sun.
Dibiki-giizis awe - That is the moon
Anaang awe - That is a star.
Odaabaan awe - That is a car.
Awenen awe inini? - Who is that man?
Awenen awe ikwe? - Who is that woman?
Awenen awe gwiiwizenz? - Who is that boy?
Awenen awe ikwizenz? - Who is that girl?
Nibaabaa awe - That is my father.
Nimaamaa awe - That is my mother.
Ningozis awe - That is my son.
Nindaanis awe - That is my daughter.
Mary awe - That is Mary.
Animosh na awe? - Is that a dog?
Inini na awe? - Is that a man?
Mazina'igan na owe? - Is that a book?
Mazina'igan na iwe? - Is that a book?

New Words:

Plural endings are shown in brackets. Words should be read:
waaka'igan - house; waaka'iganan - houses, etc;
all the nouns will be given with their plural endings in brackets.

wegonen(an) - what (about an inanimate object)
awenen(ag) - who (about an animate object)
waaka'igan(an) - house
jiimaan(an) - boat, canoe
nibi - water (inanimate)
ishgode - fire (inanimate)
mazina'igan(an) - book, document, paper
adoopowin(an) - table
desabiwin(an) - chair
mitig(oog) - tree
giizis(oog) - sun
dibiki-giizis(oog) - moon
anaang(oog) - star
odaabaan(ag) - car, sleigh
animosh(ag) - dog
inini(wag) - man
ikwe(wag) - woman
gwiiwizenz(ag) - boy
ikwizenz(ag) - girl
nibaabaa - my father [ni-baabaa - my-father]
nimaamaa - my mother [ni-maamaa - my-mother]
ningozis(ag) - my son [nin-gozis - my-son]
nindaanis(ag) - my daughter [nin-daanis - my-daughter]


Nouns. Such words as 'a house', 'a boat', 'water', 'a star', i.e. words for objects, things or persons are called nouns.
All nouns in Ojibwe are divided into two types (or genders):
living things - animate nouns;
non-living things - inanimate nouns.
This division is usually based on a common sense.
Though there are also some things, which we usually define as non-living in English, but which considered to be alive in the Ojibwe language, e.g.: the sun, the moon, a star, etc. This is based on traditional beliefs that some things and cultural items (such as a drum, a feather) can house a spirit, and thus they are alive.

Demonstrative pronouns. These are words, used to point out things and persons, like 'this', or 'that'.

In Ojibwe these words used with animate nouns are called animate demonstrative pronouns:
wa'a - this (the closest)
awe - that (further)
awedi - that over there (the furtherst)

With inanimate nouns other (inanimate) demonstrative pronouns are used:
owe - this (the closest)
iwe - that (further)
iwedi - that over there (the furtherst)


lesson 7 | lessons | lesson 9



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