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Lesson 18 - More Where


Aandi eteg nimazina'igan? - Where is my book?
Aandi eteg? - Where is it?
Adoopowining ate - It is on the table.
Aandi etegin gimazina'iganan? - Where are your books?
Aandi etegin? - Where are they?
Iwedi atewan - They are over there.
Makakong imaa atewan - They are in that box.
Ogiji-makak na atewan? - Are they on top of the box?
Gaawiin biinji-makak atewan - No, they are inside the box.
Onaaganan omaa atewan - The dishes are here.
Mookomanan atewan imaa adoopowining - The knives are on that table.
Jiga'ii namadabin - Sit down near by.
Besho namadabin - Sit down near by.
Bagizon zaaga'iganing - Swim in the lake.
Namadabin aazhoganing - Sit down on the bridge.
Asiniing ningii-namadab - I sat on a stone. 

New Words:

ate - it is there; it is in a certain place
makak(oon) - box
ogiji-makak - on a box
biinji-makak - in a box
onaagan(an) - dish
mookoman(an) - knife
jiga'ii - near by; close to
besho - near by; close to
bagizo - he swims, he bathes
zaaga'igan(iin) - lake
aazhogan(an) - bridge
asin(iig) - stone, rock


  • A locative suffix means 'in' when it is suffixed to a noun denoting a natural container, such as a house, automobile, pail, pot, box, bag. And it means 'on' when it occurs with the name of a natural supporting surface, such as a table or a chair. 
    If one wants to be more specific, biinji- and ogiji- can be used; indeed, ogiji- must be used if something is on a top of a natural container.

  • Words of place may either precede or follow verbs. But most often they precede verbs.

  • Verbs used with animate subjects and no objects are called animate intransitive verbs, or AI verbs (or VAI). Verbs, which are used with inanimate subjects and no oblects are called inanimate intransitive verbs, or II verbs (or VII).

    Ate - is an inanimate intransitive verb, used with inanimate subjects, such as mazina'igan (book), onaagan (plate), mookoman (knife), the same way as ayaa is used with animate subjects (persons, and living things). Ate also changes its form, but in a different way, than AI verbs:

    The independent order (the indicative mode):

    ate - it is there
    There is no affix for 'it'. All II verbs are translated as: 'it does something', or 'it is something'.

    atewan - they are there
    The suffix for the 3rd person plural (they) is -wan, or -oon, if a verbs ends in a consonant.

    The conjunct order (indicative mode):

    ateg - it is there
    The suffix for 'it' is -g. In content questions the first (initial) a- changes into e-.

    ategin - they are there
    The suffix for the 3rd person plural (they) is -gin. In wh-questions the first (initial) a- changes into e-.

  • Asin (a stone) is an animate noun in Ojibwe! Its plural ending is -iig: asiniig (stones).


    lesson 17 | lessons | lesson 19



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