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Lesson 13 - Names


Aaniin ezhinikaazoyan? - What is your name?
Paul nindizhinikaaz - Paul is my name.
Charley na gidizhnikaaz? - Is Charley your name?
Aaniin ezhinikaazod awe inini? - What is that manís name?
Aaniin ezhinikaazod? - What is his/her name?
Trudeau izhinikaazo - Trudeau is his name.
Aaniin ezinikaazod gimaamaa? - What is your motherís name?
Ann izhinikaazo nimaamaa. - Ann is my motherís name.
Gaawiin Agnes izhinikaazosii - Her name is not Agnes.
Gaawiin John nindizhinikaazosii - My name is not John.

New Words:

izhinikaazo - his name is; he is called


Verbs in content questions (or wh-questions) require personal affixes, which are absolutely different from those we've faced before. The inflection used in content questions as well is in most subordinate clauses is called the conjunct order. These are some of conjunct suffixes:

-yan - for 'you'
-d - for 'he' or 'she'

aaniin ezhinikaazoyan? - what is your name?
aaniin ezhinikaazod? - what is his/her name?

Also if a verb starts in i- or a-, these sounds are changed into e-:

izhinikaazo (his/her name is) - aaniin ezhinikaazod? (what is his/her name?)

In answers to these questions usual affixes (the independent order) are used:

Paul nindizhinikaaz. - My name is Paul.

Grammar note.

The conjunct indicative of AI (animate intransitive) verbs:

I, me(verb)-yaan/-aan
you singl(verb)-yan/-an
we (exc)(verb)-yaang/-aang
we (inc)(verb)-yang/-ang
you pl(verb)-yeg/-eg

Note. Two variants of suffixes are shown, divided by "/". The first suffix is used with verbs, ending in a vowel, the second one is used with verbs, ending in a consonant.


lesson 12 | lessons | lesson 14



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