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How to Say:
Colors


In Ojibwe colors could be expressed in several different ways.


There are special word stems which indicate colors, e.g.:

word stemprenountranslation
/wabishk/waabishki-white
/makade/makade-black
/miskw/misko-red
/ozhaawashk/ozhaawashko-blue, green
/ozaaw/ozaawi-brown, yellow

Prenouns could not be used alone. They are special prefixes used with other words (nouns) to indicate their color.They could be added to nouns:

makade-bineshiinh - black bird
misko-makizinan - red moccasins, red shoes


These stems could also be parts of verbs to indicate colors:

waabishkaa - it is white
makadewizi - s/he is black
miskowaande - it is colored red
ozhaawashkwaanzo - s/he colored blue, green
ozaawaabagonii - it has yellow flowers, it has yellow buds


Another way to indicate color in Ojibwe is to refer to objects which usually have this color. I saw two ways to make such a comparison:

1) using locative ending as in usual comparison

ashkibag - green leaf (?) [ashkibagaa - there are grean leavs (vii)]
inaande - it is colored so, it is of such a color
inaanzo - s/he is colored so, s/he is of such a color

ashkibagong inaande - it is of a color of green leaves; it is colored as green leaves
ashkibagong inaanzo - s/he is of a color of green leaves; s/he is colored as green leaves

wiigwaas - birch bark

wiigwaasing inaande - it is of a birch bark color; it is colored as a birch bark
wiigwaasing inaanzo - s/he is of a birch bark color; s/he is colored as a birch bark

2) making verbs with -(w)aande, -(w)aanzo (of such a color) finals:

giizhig - sky

giizhigwaande - it is of the color of the sky (sky-blue) (verb)
giizhigwaanzo - s/he is of the color of the sky (sky-blue) (verb)

ogin - rose hip [oginii-waabigwan - rose flower]

oginiiwaanzo - it is of the color of a rose
oginiiwaande - s/he is of the color of a rose

 

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